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Chapter 10

American Govt

TermDefinition
Committee of the Whole allows the house to act more informally because of quorom(100)
House Rules Committee committee within the house that puts a rule on a bill before it goes to the house floor for consideration
Filibuster method of debate to delay a vote on a bill
Cloture having people sign petition to end filibuster in 2 days, but must have 2/3 votes
Pocket Veto president sticks bill in pocket
Senatorial Courtesy president consults senior US senator of his party of each state before nominating someone
Meyers vs US supreme courts confirmed the presidents power to remove someone from their position
War Powers Act **UNCONSTITUTIONAL** president can declare war without congress' consent
Treaty major agreement with a foreign government
Executive Agreement major agreement with a foreign government, but doesn't require Senate
US vs Belmont decided that executive agreements have the same status as treaty
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company vs Sawyer limits presidents power to seize property
OMB (Office of Management Budget) responsible for executive budget
Line Item Veto president rejects the bill completely
Appropriations bill that authorizes money usage
Pork-barreling doing local projects just to bring money to representatives district
Reapportionment the process of dividing the number of State representatives and senators among the State’s population in order to assure, as close as possible, districts of equal size
Chief Justice head of the federal court
Law principles/regulations made by the government
Five Types of Law common, equity, statutory, constitutional, administrative
Injunction court order telling a party to not do something
Precedent an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances.
Stare Decisis a doctrine or policy of following rules or principles laid down in previous judicial decisions unless they contravene the ordinary principles of justice
Criminal Law go to jail
Civil Law pay fine
Misdemeanor lesser criminal act
Felony serious crime
Plaintiff one claiming there were criminal acts
Defendant person accused of a crime
Jurisdiction the power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law
Dual Court System separate state and federal court
Adversary System system of law that relies on the contest between each advocate representing his or her party's positions and involves an impartial person or group of people
What powers are given to congress and the president in the constitution? implied (McCullough vs Maryland) and inherent
Who are the Mississippi congressmen? Numalee, Thompson, Harper, Palazo, Cochren, Wicker
Know the differences in the 2 houses? HR= popular will S= policy deliberations
Who are the leaders in congress? HR= John Boehner S= Joe Biden
Know the different functions of congress? Lawmaking, Service to constituents, Representation, Oversight
what is the difference between trustee, delegate,and politico? T= looks out for nation D= looks out of its constituents P= combination of the two
Know the 4 types of committees? standing, select, joint, conference
What are the qualifications for president? 35 years old Natural Born 14 years US citizen
What are the roles of the president? chief legislator, chief of party, chief executive, chief of state, chief diplomat, commander and chief
Created by: tbrogle4159