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ch 24-26

final exam

QuestionAnswer
pancho villa He hoped attacking the United States would help him build a reputation as an opponent of the United States, which would increase his popularity and discredit Mexican President Carranza.
central power Germany,Austria-Hungary,and Italy
allied power France, great Britain, and Russia
u-boat A military submarine operated by the German government in the First World War, used to attack enemy merchant ships in war zone waters sinking of the ocean liner Lusitania by a German submarine caused demands to expand the United States’ military
Fourteen Points President Woodrow Wilson’s 1918 plan for peace after World War I; at the Versailles peace conference, however, he failed to incorporate all of the points into the treaty.
League of Nations Organization of nations to mediate disputes and avoid war established after the First World War as part of the Treaty of Versailles; President Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points’’ speech to Congress in 1918 proposed the formation of the league.
Lusitania German torpedo sank the Lusitania May 7,1915 piracy Theodore Roosevelt declared contributed to demands for a stronger army and navy
election 1916 Republicans nominated Charles Evans Hughes Democrats nominated Wilson again Wilson campaigned on peace and a progressive platform Hughes was ambiguous on foreign policy and behind Wilson on social issues Wilson won in close race
Zimmerman telegram reveals that Germany is attempting to incite mexico to enter the war against the united states
trench warfare first world war it lasting character most battle were won not by skillful maneuvers or by superior generalship but by brute force. soldiers on both sides ate,slept,and fought the dead and amid the reek of death.
western front Germany was defeated. first several spring offensives in France and Belgium to end the war before the american arrived in force.
treaty of versailles the U.S. did not ratify the treaty of Versailles because Wilson had alienated the republican senators whose support he needed for ratification. Wilson illness and his refusal to compromise ensured failure of ratification
war guilt clause On 28 June 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed ending the First World War between the German Empire and the Allied and Associated Powers.
jazz age spirit of rebellion and spontaneity that spread among young Americans during the 1920s, epitomized by the emergence of jazz music and the popularity of carefree, improvisational dances, such as the Charleston and the Black Bottom
fundamentalism Anti-modernist Protestant movement started in the early twentieth century that proclaimed the literal truth of the Bible;
Marcus Garvey spokesman for Negro Nationalism which exalted blackness, black cultural expression, and black exclusiveness. He called upon African Americans to liberate themselves from the surrounding white culture and create their own businesses, cultural UNIA founder
new nergo growth of black political influence occurred in northern cities where African Americans were freer to speak and act.This political activity created a spirit of protest that expressed itself culturally in the Harlem Renaissance and politically in new Negro
great Migration rural southern blacks began moving to the urban North and Midwest in large numbers in search of better jobs, housing, and greater social equality.massive public-housing projects that segregated African Americans into overcrowded and poor neighborhoods
18 amendment which outlawed alcoholic beverage
19 amendment women nationwide to vote
kkk Organized in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1866 to terrorize former slaves who voted and held political offices during Reconstruction. modeled on the white vigilante group found oppose reconstruction in the post-civil war south
fundamentalism Anti-modernist Protestant movement started in the early twentieth century that proclaimed the literal truth of the Bible; the name came from The Fundamentals, published by conservative leaders
Prohibition moral righteousness and social conformity,Women’s Christian Temperance Union and Anti-Saloon League—rhetoric contains virulent ethnic and social prejudice and seems aimed at policing the poor, the foreign born, and the working class 18 Amendment ratified
emergency immigration act limited immigration,Influence of racist pseudo-scientific studies.quota law in 1924 favored old immigration from northern and western Europe and excluded Asians.allowed unrestricted immigration Western Hemisphere countries making Latinos the fastest grow
scope monkey trial john.t scope the teacher who taught evolution. who found guilty fine 100$ and died from heat heart conditions.two year later Mississippi,Texas other southern state Tennessean passing law barring the teaching of evolution.
new woman young woman eager to gain new freedoms, eagerly discarded the constraining fashion of the nineteenth century.
return to normalcy In the 1920 presidential election, Republican nominee Warren G. Harding campaigned on the promise of a “return to normalcy,” which would mean a return to conservative values and a turning away from President Wilson’s internationalism
buying (stock) on margin a small down payment (the “margin”) on a stock and borrowing the rest of money need for the purchase from a broker who held the stock as security against a down market. If the stock’s value declined and the buyer failed to meet a margin call for more fund
Bonus Expeditionary Force Thousands of World War I veterans, who insisted on immediate payment of their bonus certificates, marched on Washington in 1932; violence ensued when President Herbert Hoover ordered their tent villages cleared
NBC (national broadcast company) subsidiary of the radio contortion of America
RCA Radio Corporation of America began liking stations into a national network.
new deal cut taxes and balance the budget as well to launch numerous expensive innovation to provide the people with work and security.
1920 republicans rule again regain control of the white house turned to a stunning mediocrity.
framer revolt farmers protested by striking and blocking delivery of roduce
black tuesday October 29, 1929. On this date, share prices on the New York Stock Exchange completely collapsed, becoming a pivotal factor in the emergence of the Great Depression.
hoovervillies squalid shantytowns that sprouted across the county to house the destitute and homeless
Created by: stcalhoun2163