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Endocrinology Review

Describe the hypothalamus Influences the thyroid and pituitary gland. Serves as a link between the endocrine and nervous system.
Describe the pineal gland Shaped like a pine cone. attached to the posterior part of the 3rd ventricle brain. secreted melantonin (sleep).
Describe the pituitary. (aka) hypophysis. Known as the master gland. pea-sized organ loacted at the base of the brain. regulates many body activities. stimulates other glands to secrete hormones.
Describe the thyroid. Largest gland of the endocrine system. H-shaped. Has 2 active iodine-containing hormones, T3 & T4. 2 lobes separated by an isthmus.
Name the 6 hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary and what there target organ/tissue is. GH - Bone and general growth ACTH- adrenal cortex. TSH - Thyroid FSH & LH - testes/ovaries Prolactin - mammary glands
Name the 2 hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary and what their target organ/tissue is. ADH (antidiuretic hormone)- kidneys oxytocin - uterus/mammary glands
What are the 3 types of steroid hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex? Glucocorticoids (body cells) sex hormones (female libido) mineralocorticoids (kidney)
What are the 2 hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla and what is their function? 2 Hormones are epinephrine (maintains blood pressure) and norepinephrine (raises blood pressure) SNS - sympathetic nervous system
What is the function of endocrine glands? secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream, hormones travel throughout body and lymph.
What is the function of the parathyroid glands? increases blood calcium level. 4 separate glands. stimulates 3 target organs, kidney, bones and intestines.
Where are the adrenal glands located? superior surface of kidney,.
Name 3 disorders associated with thyroid gland Graves disease Cretinism Myxedema
What are the signs and symptoms of Cushing syndrome? moon shaped face fatigue high blood pressure hirsutism purple striae grossly exaggerated head and trunk
What causes acromegaly (pituitary disorder) as an adult, hypersecretion of the growth hormone somatropin promotes soft tissue in bones and face, hands and feet grow larger
What are the signs and symptoms of Type I diabetes? constant urination abnormal thirst (polydipsia) unusual hunger (polyphagia) the rapid weight loss irrability obvious weakness/fatigue nausea/vomiting
what are the signs and symptoms of type II diabetes? Drowsiness Itching A family history blurred vision excessive weight gain tingling numbness & pain in extremeties easily fatigues skin infections
Created by: deyoht_kwa