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Female Reproductive System -Q – Anatomic Terms & A – Meaning

uterus womb; a pear-shaped organ in the pelvic cavity in which the embryo and fetus develops
fundus upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes
endometrium lining of the uterus, which is shed approximately every 28 to 30 days in a nonpregnant female during menstruation
myometrium muscular wall of the uterus
uterine tubes tubes extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage for ova to the uterus
adnexa uterine tubes and ovaries (uterine appendages)
right uterine appendage right tube and ovary
left uterine appendage left tube and ovary
ovary one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
cervix neck of the uterus
cervical os opening of the cervix to the uterus
vagina tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body
vulva external genitalia of the female
labia folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening; known as the labia majora and labia minora
clitoris female erectile tissue in the anterior portion of the vulva
hymen fold of mucous membrane that encircles the entrance to the vagina
introitus entrance to the vagina
Bartholin glands two glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete a lubricant during intercourse
perineum region between the vulva and anus
mammary glands two glands in the female breasts that are capable of producing milk
mammary papilla nipple
areola dark-pigmented area around the nipple
embryo (Fig. 15-3) the developing organism from fertilization to the end of the eighth week
fetus (Fig. 15-4) the developing organism from the ninth week to birth
placenta vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy to provide nourishment for the fetus (placenta = cake)
amnion innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus, filled with amniotic fluid
amniotic fluid fluid within the amniotic sac that surrounds and protects the fetus
meconium intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stools in the newborn
Created by: shachi.pandit