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102

Male Reproductive System - Q – Diagnostic Terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
anorchism absence of one or both testes
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
cryptorchism undescended testicle, or failure of a testis to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; the testis most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair (crypt = to hide)
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
erectile dysfunction (ED) failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychologic dysfunction; formerly termed impotence (im = not; potis = able)
hydrocele hernia of fluid in the testis or in the tubes leading from the testis
hypospadias ( congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis (spadias = to draw away)
Peyronie disease ) disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum, causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection
phimosis a narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection; commonly requires circumcision (phimo = muzzle)
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) enlargement of the prostate gland, common in older men, causing urinary obstruction
prostate cancer malignancy of the prostate gland
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
spermatocele (Fig. 14-3, C) painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to, but separate from, the testicle
testicular cancer malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm; classified in two groups according to growth potential
seminoma most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells; highly treatable with early detection
nonseminoma testicular tumor arising from more mature germ cells; these tumors have a tendency to be more aggressive than seminomas and often develop earlier in life; includes choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors
varicocele enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis (varico = twisted vein)
chlamydia most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
gonorrhea contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus Neisseria gonorrhea; the condition was named for the urethral discharge characteristic of the infection, which was first thought to be a leakage of semen (gono =
gon-ō-rē′ă 0
syphilis (Fig. 14-8) sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete and which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the skin, with the appearance of small, painless, red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
hepatitis B virus (HBV) virus that causes inflammation of the liver; transmitted through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) (see Fig. 15-8) virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid (e.g., semen or vaginal secretions)
condyloma acuminatum pl. condylomata acuminata) lesion that appears as a result of human papilloma virus; on the skin, lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts, and on mucous membranes, they have a flat appearance; also known as venereal or genital warts
Created by: shachi.pandit