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097

Urinary System - Q – Operative Terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
urologic endoscopic surgery use of specialized endoscopes (e.g., resectoscope) within the urinary tract to perform various surgical procedures, such as resection of a tumor, repair of an obstruction, stone retrieval, placement of a stent, etc.
resectoscope urologic endoscope inserted through the urethra to resect (cut and remove) lesions of the bladder, urethra, or prostate
intracorporeal lithotripsy method of destroying stones within the urinary tract using discharges of electrical energy that are transmitted to a probe within a flexible endoscope; most commonly used to pulverize bladder stones
nephrotomy incision into the kidney
nephrorrhaphy suture of an injured kidney
nephrolithotomy incision into the kidney for the removal of stones
nephrectomy excision of a kidney
pyeloplasty surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis
stent placemen use of a device (stent) to hold open vessels or tubes (e.g., an obstructed ureter)
kidney transplantation transfer of a kidney from the body of one person (donor) to another (recipient)
urinary diversion creation of a temporary or permanent diversion of the urinary tract to provide a new passage through which urine exits the body; used to treat defects or diseases (e.g., bladder cancer)
noncontinent ileal conduit removal of a portion of the ileum to use as a conduit to which the ureters are attached at one end; the other end is brought through an opening (stoma) created in the abdomen; urine drains continually into an external appliance (bag); noncontinent indicat
continent urostomy an internal reservoir (pouch) constructed from a segment of intestine that diverts urine through an opening (stoma) that is brought through the abdominal wall; a valve is created internally to prevent leakage, and the patient empties the pouch by catheter
orthotopic bladder bladder constructed from portions of intestine connected to the urethra, allowing “natural” voiding
Created by: shachi.pandit