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081

The Ear -Q – Diagnostic Terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
Q – Diagnostic Terms & A – Meaning
otitis externa inflammation of the external auditory meatus (canal)
cerumen impaction excessive buildup of wax in the ear that often reduces hearing acuity, especially in elderly persons
myringitis inflammation of the eardrum
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
aerotitis media inflammation of the middle ear from changes in atmospheric pressure; often occurs with frequent air travel
eustachian obstruction blockage of the eustachian tube, usually as a result of infection, as in otitis media
otosclerosis hardening of the bony tissue in the ear
acoustic neuroma benign tumor on the auditory nerve (8th cranial nerve) that causes vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss
labyrinthitis inflammation of the labyrinth (inner ear)
Méière disease disorder of the inner ear resulting from an excessive buildup of endolymphatic fluid, causing episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and hearing loss; one or both ears can be affected, and attacks vary in both frequency and intensity (named afte
deafness general term for partial or complete loss of hearing
conductive hearing loss hearing impairment caused by interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear, or ossicles
sensorineural hearing loss hearing impairment caused by lesions or dysfunction of the cochlea or auditory nerve
mixed hearing loss combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss
presbyacusis hearing impairment in old age
Created by: shachi.pandit