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055

Nervous System & Psychiatry -Q – Symptomatic Terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
aphasia impairment because of localized brain injury that affects the understanding, retrieving, and formulating of meaningful and sequential elements of language, as demonstrated by an inability to use or comprehend words; occurs as a result of a stroke, head tr
coma a general term referring to levels of decreased consciousness with varying responsiveness; a common method of assessment is the Glasgow Coma Scale
delirium a state of mental confusion caused by disturbances in cerebral function; the many causes include fever, shock, and drug overdose (deliro = to draw the furrow awry when plowing, to go off the rails)
dementia an impairment of intellectual function characterized by memory loss, disorientation, and confusion (dementio = to be mad)
motor deficit loss or impairment of muscle function
sensory deficit loss or impairment of sensation
neuralgia pain along the course of a nerve
paralysis temporary or permanent loss of motor control
flaccid paralysis defective (flabby) or absent muscle control caused by a nerve lesion
spastic paralysis stiff and awkward muscle control caused by a central nervous system disorder
hemiparesis partial paralysis of the right or left half of the body
sciatica pain that follows the pathway of the sciatic nerve, caused by compression or trauma of the nerve or its roots
seizure sudden, transient disturbances in brain function resulting from an abnormal firing of nerve impulses; may or may not be associated with convulsion
convulsion to pull together; type of seizure that causes a series of sudden, involuntary contractions of muscles
syncope fainting
tactile stimulation evoking a response by touching
hyperesthesia increased sensitivity to stimulation such as touch or pain
paresthesia abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling without objective cause
Created by: shachi.pandit