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Blood & Lymphatic System - Q – Therapeutic terms & A - Meaning

Q – Therapeutic terms & A - Meaning
blood transfusion introduction of blood products into the circulation of a recipient whose blood volume is reduced or deficient in some manner
autologous blood blood donated by and stored for a patient for future personal use (e.g., upcoming surgery) (auto = self)
homologous blood blood voluntarily donated by any person for transfusion to a compatible recipient (homo = same)
blood component therapy transfusion of a specific blood component, such as packed red blood cells, platelets, or plasma
cross-matching method of matching a donor's blood to the recipient by mixing a sample in a test tube to determine compatibility
chemotherapy treatment of malignancies, infections, and other diseases with chemical agents to destroy selected cells or to impair their ability to reproduce
immunotherapy use of biologic agents to prevent or treat disease by stimulating the body's own defense mechanisms, as seen in the treatment of AIDS, cancer, or allergy
plasmapheresis removal of plasma from the body with separation and extraction of specific elements (e.g., platelets) followed by reinfusion (apheresis = a withdrawal)
anticoagulant a drug that prevents clotting of the blood
hemostatic a drug that stops the flow of blood within the vessels
vasoconstrictor a drug that causes a narrowing of blood vessels, thereby decreasing blood flow
vasodilator a drug that causes dilation of blood vessels, thereby increasing blood flow
Created by: shachi.pandit