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Blood & Lymphatic System - Q – Anatomic Terms in the Lymphatic system & A – Mean

QuestionAnswer
thymus primary gland of the lymphatic system, located within the mediastinum, that helps to maintain the body's immune response by producing T lymphocytes
spleen organ between the stomach and the diaphragm that filters out aging blood cells, removes cellular debris by performing phagocytosis, and provides an environment for lymphocytes to initiate immune responses
lymph fluid that is circulated through the lymph vessels
lymph capillaries microscopic vessels that draw lymph from tissues to the lymph vessels
lymph vessels vessels that receive lymph from the lymph capillaries and circulate it to the lymph nodes
lacteals specialized lymph vessels in the small intestine that absorb fat into the bloodstream (lacteus = milky)
chyle white or pale yellow substance in lymph that contains fatty substances absorbed by the lacteals
lymph nodes many small, oval structures that filter lymph from the lymph vessels; major locations include the cervical, axillary, and inguinal regions
lymph ducts collecting channels that carry lymph from the lymph nodes to the veins
right lymphatic duct receives lymph from the right upper part of the body
thoracic duct receives lymph from the left side of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, left arm, and lower extremities
Immunity 0
immunity process of disease protection induced by exposure to an antigen
antigen a substance that, when introduced into the body, causes the formation of antibodies against it
antibody a substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates an antigen that has entered the body
active immunity a long-lasting immunity that results from stimulating the body to produce its own antibodies; developed either naturally, in response to an infection, or artificially, in response to the administration of a vaccine
passive immunity a short-lasting immunity that results from foreign antibodies that are conveyed either naturally, through the placenta to a fetus, or artificially, by injection of a serum containing antibodies
thymus primary gland of the lymphatic system, located within the mediastinum, that helps to maintain the body's immune response by producing T lymphocytes
spleen organ between the stomach and the diaphragm that filters out aging blood cells, removes cellular debris by performing phagocytosis, and provides an environment for lymphocytes to initiate immune responses
lymph fluid that is circulated through the lymph vessels
lymph capillaries microscopic vessels that draw lymph from tissues to the lymph vessels
lymph vessels vessels that receive lymph from the lymph capillaries and circulate it to the lymph nodes
lacteals specialized lymph vessels in the small intestine that absorb fat into the bloodstream (lacteus = milky)
chyle white or pale yellow substance in lymph that contains fatty substances absorbed by the lacteals
lymph nodes many small, oval structures that filter lymph from the lymph vessels; major locations include the cervical, axillary, and inguinal regions
lymph ducts collecting channels that carry lymph from the lymph nodes to the veins
right lymphatic duct receives lymph from the right upper part of the body
thoracic duct receives lymph from the left side of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, left arm, and lower extremities
Immunity 0
immunity process of disease protection induced by exposure to an antigen
antigen a substance that, when introduced into the body, causes the formation of antibodies against it
antibody a substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates an antigen that has entered the body
active immunity a long-lasting immunity that results from stimulating the body to produce its own antibodies; developed either naturally, in response to an infection, or artificially, in response to the administration of a vaccine
passive immunity a short-lasting immunity that results from foreign antibodies that are conveyed either naturally, through the placenta to a fetus, or artificially, by injection of a serum containing antibodies
Created by: shachi.pandit