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Blood & Lymphatic System - Q – Anatomic Terms in the Blood system & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
plasma liquid portion of the blood and lymph; contains water, proteins, and cellular components (i.e., leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets)
serum liquid portion of the blood that remains after clotting
erythrocyte red blood cell; transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
hemoglobin the protein-iron compound in erythrocytes that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
leukocyte white blood cell; protects the body from harmful invading substances
granulocytes a group of leukocytes containing granules in their cytoplasm
neutrophil a granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infection by swallowing bacteria (phagocytosis) (neutr = neither; phil = attraction for)
polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte another term for neutrophil, referring to the many segments in its nucleus (poly = many; morpho = form; nucleus = kernel)
eosinophil a granular leukocyte, named for the rose-colored stain of its granules, that increases in allergic and some infectious reactions (eos = dawn-colored [rosy]; phil = attraction for)
basophil a granular leukocyte, named for the dark stain of its granules, that brings anticoagulant substances to inflamed tissues (baso = base; phil = attraction for)
agranulocytes a group of leukocytes without granules in their nuclei
lymphocyte an agranulocytic leukocyte that is active in the process of immunity; the three categories of lymphocytes are T cells (thymus-dependent), B cells (bone marrow–derived), and natural killer (NK) cells
monocyte an agranulocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection (mono = one)
platelets thrombocytes; cell fragments in the blood that are essential for blood clotting (coagulation)
plasma liquid portion of the blood and lymph; contains water, proteins, and cellular components (i.e., leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets)
serum liquid portion of the blood that remains after clotting
erythrocyte red blood cell; transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
hemoglobin the protein-iron compound in erythrocytes that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
leukocyte white blood cell; protects the body from harmful invading substances
granulocytes a group of leukocytes containing granules in their cytoplasm
neutrophil a granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infection by swallowing bacteria (phagocytosis) (neutr = neither; phil = attraction for)
polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte another term for neutrophil, referring to the many segments in its nucleus (poly = many; morpho = form; nucleus = kernel)
eosinophil a granular leukocyte, named for the rose-colored stain of its granules, that increases in allergic and some infectious reactions (eos = dawn-colored [rosy]; phil = attraction for)
basophil a granular leukocyte, named for the dark stain of its granules, that brings anticoagulant substances to inflamed tissues (baso = base; phil = attraction for)
agranulocytes a group of leukocytes without granules in their nuclei
lymphocyte an agranulocytic leukocyte that is active in the process of immunity; the three categories of lymphocytes are T cells (thymus-dependent), B cells (bone marrow–derived), and natural killer (NK) cells
monocyte an agranulocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection (mono = one)
platelets thrombocytes; cell fragments in the blood that are essential for blood clotting (coagulation)
Created by: shachi.pandit