Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

034

Cardiovascular System -Q – Diagnostic Term & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
signs and symptoms indicating an active process of atherosclerotic plaque buildup or formation of a thrombus, or spasm within a coronary artery, causing a reduction or loss of blood flow to myocardial tissue; includes unstable angina and other pathologica acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
0 ă-kyūt′ kōr′ăo-nār-ē sin′drōm
any of several kinds of irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat arrhythmia (Fig. 5-11)
slow heart rate (less than 60 beats/minute) bradycardia
chaotic, irregular contractions of the heart, as in atrial or ventricular fibrillation fibrillation
a ventricular contraction preceding the normal impulse initiated by the SA node (pacemaker) premature ventricular contraction (PVC)
fast heart rate (greater than 100 beats/minute) tachycardia
a bacterial inflammation that affects the endocardium or the heart valves bacterial endocarditis
compression of the heart produced by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, as results from pericarditis or trauma, causing rupture of a blood vessel within the heart (tampon = a plug) cardiac tamponade
a general term for disease of the heart muscle, such as alcoholic cardiomyopathy (damage to the heart muscle caused by excessive consumption of alcohol) cardiomyopathy
malformations of the heart that are present at birth (congenital = born with; anomaly = irregularity) congenital anomaly of the heart
narrowing of the descending portion of the aorta, resulting in a limited flow of blood to the lower part of the body coarctation of the aorta
an abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta caused by failure of the fetal ductus arteriosus to close after birth (patent = open) patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
an opening in the septum separating the ventricles ventricular septal defect (VSD)
failure of the left ventricle to pump an adequate amount of blood to meet the demands of the body, resulting in a “bottleneck” of congestion in the lungs that may extend to the veins, causing edema in lower portions of the body congestive heart failure (CHF)
0 kon-jes′tiv hart fāl′yūr
0 left ventricular failure
0 left ven-trik′yū-lăr fāl′yūr
enlargement of the right ventricle, resulting from chronic disease within the lungs, that causes congestion within the pulmonary circulation and resistance of blood flow to the lungs (cor = heart) cor pulmonale
a condition affecting arteries of the heart that reduces the flow of blood and the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium; most often caused by atherosclerosis coronary artery disease (CAD) (Fig. 5-12)
persistently high blood pressure hypertension (HTN)
high blood pressure attributed to no single cause; risks include smoking, obesity, increased salt intake, hypercholesterolemia, and hereditary factors essential hypertension
high blood pressure caused by the effects of another disease (e.g., kidney disease) secondary hypertension
protrusion of one or both cusps of the mitral valve back into the left atrium during ventricular contraction, resulting in incomplete closure and backflow of blood mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
heart attack; death of myocardial tissue (infarction) caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow) as a result of an occlusion (plugging) of a coronary artery; usually caused by atherosclerosis; symptoms include pain in the chest or upper body (shoulders, neck myocardial infarction (MI) (Fig. 5-13)
inflammation of myocardium; most often caused by viral or bacterial infection myocarditis
inflammation of the pericardium pericarditis
damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rheumatic fever (a streptococcal infection) rheumatic heart disease
the abrupt cessation of any cardiac output (CO), most commonly as the result of ventricular fibrillation; causes sudden death unless defibrillation is initiated immediately sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)
formation of a clot in a deep vein of the body, occurring most often in the femoral and iliac veins deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
inflammation of a vein phlebitis
inflammation of a vein associated with a clot formation thrombophlebitis
0 ′tis
abnormally swollen, twisted veins with defective valves; most often seen in the legs varicose veins
signs and symptoms indicating an active process of atherosclerotic plaque buildup or formation of a thrombus, or spasm within a coronary artery, causing a reduction or loss of blood flow to myocardial tissue; includes unstable angina and other pathologica acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
0 ă-kyūt′ kōr′ăo-nār-ē sin′drōm
any of several kinds of irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat arrhythmia (Fig. 5-11)
slow heart rate (less than 60 beats/minute) bradycardia
chaotic, irregular contractions of the heart, as in atrial or ventricular fibrillation fibrillation
a ventricular contraction preceding the normal impulse initiated by the SA node (pacemaker) premature ventricular contraction (PVC)
fast heart rate (greater than 100 beats/minute) tachycardia
a bacterial inflammation that affects the endocardium or the heart valves bacterial endocarditis
compression of the heart produced by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, as results from pericarditis or trauma, causing rupture of a blood vessel within the heart (tampon = a plug) cardiac tamponade
a general term for disease of the heart muscle, such as alcoholic cardiomyopathy (damage to the heart muscle caused by excessive consumption of alcohol) cardiomyopathy
malformations of the heart that are present at birth (congenital = born with; anomaly = irregularity) congenital anomaly of the heart
narrowing of the descending portion of the aorta, resulting in a limited flow of blood to the lower part of the body coarctation of the aorta
an abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta caused by failure of the fetal ductus arteriosus to close after birth (patent = open) patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
an opening in the septum separating the ventricles ventricular septal defect (VSD)
failure of the left ventricle to pump an adequate amount of blood to meet the demands of the body, resulting in a “bottleneck” of congestion in the lungs that may extend to the veins, causing edema in lower portions of the body congestive heart failure (CHF)
0 kon-jes′tiv hart fāl′yūr
0 left ventricular failure
0 left ven-trik′yū-lăr fāl′yūr
enlargement of the right ventricle, resulting from chronic disease within the lungs, that causes congestion within the pulmonary circulation and resistance of blood flow to the lungs (cor = heart) cor pulmonale
a condition affecting arteries of the heart that reduces the flow of blood and the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium; most often caused by atherosclerosis coronary artery disease (CAD) (Fig. 5-12)
persistently high blood pressure hypertension (HTN)
high blood pressure attributed to no single cause; risks include smoking, obesity, increased salt intake, hypercholesterolemia, and hereditary factors essential hypertension
high blood pressure caused by the effects of another disease (e.g., kidney disease) secondary hypertension
protrusion of one or both cusps of the mitral valve back into the left atrium during ventricular contraction, resulting in incomplete closure and backflow of blood mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
heart attack; death of myocardial tissue (infarction) caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow) as a result of an occlusion (plugging) of a coronary artery; usually caused by atherosclerosis; symptoms include pain in the chest or upper body (shoulders, neck myocardial infarction (MI) (Fig. 5-13)
inflammation of myocardium; most often caused by viral or bacterial infection myocarditis
inflammation of the pericardium pericarditis
damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rheumatic fever (a streptococcal infection) rheumatic heart disease
the abrupt cessation of any cardiac output (CO), most commonly as the result of ventricular fibrillation; causes sudden death unless defibrillation is initiated immediately sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)
formation of a clot in a deep vein of the body, occurring most often in the femoral and iliac veins deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
inflammation of a vein phlebitis
inflammation of a vein associated with a clot formation thrombophlebitis
0 ′tis
abnormally swollen, twisted veins with defective valves; most often seen in the legs varicose veins
signs and symptoms indicating an active process of atherosclerotic plaque buildup or formation of a thrombus, or spasm within a coronary artery, causing a reduction or loss of blood flow to myocardial tissue; includes unstable angina and other pathologica acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
0 ă-kyūt′ kōr′ăo-nār-ē sin′drōm
any of several kinds of irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat arrhythmia (Fig. 5-11)
slow heart rate (less than 60 beats/minute) bradycardia
chaotic, irregular contractions of the heart, as in atrial or ventricular fibrillation fibrillation
a ventricular contraction preceding the normal impulse initiated by the SA node (pacemaker) premature ventricular contraction (PVC)
fast heart rate (greater than 100 beats/minute) tachycardia
a bacterial inflammation that affects the endocardium or the heart valves bacterial endocarditis
compression of the heart produced by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, as results from pericarditis or trauma, causing rupture of a blood vessel within the heart (tampon = a plug) cardiac tamponade
a general term for disease of the heart muscle, such as alcoholic cardiomyopathy (damage to the heart muscle caused by excessive consumption of alcohol) cardiomyopathy
malformations of the heart that are present at birth (congenital = born with; anomaly = irregularity) congenital anomaly of the heart
narrowing of the descending portion of the aorta, resulting in a limited flow of blood to the lower part of the body coarctation of the aorta
an abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta caused by failure of the fetal ductus arteriosus to close after birth (patent = open) patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
an opening in the septum separating the ventricles ventricular septal defect (VSD)
failure of the left ventricle to pump an adequate amount of blood to meet the demands of the body, resulting in a “bottleneck” of congestion in the lungs that may extend to the veins, causing edema in lower portions of the body congestive heart failure (CHF)
0 kon-jes′tiv hart fāl′yūr
0 left ventricular failure
0 left ven-trik′yū-lăr fāl′yūr
enlargement of the right ventricle, resulting from chronic disease within the lungs, that causes congestion within the pulmonary circulation and resistance of blood flow to the lungs (cor = heart) cor pulmonale
a condition affecting arteries of the heart that reduces the flow of blood and the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium; most often caused by atherosclerosis coronary artery disease (CAD) (Fig. 5-12)
persistently high blood pressure hypertension (HTN)
high blood pressure attributed to no single cause; risks include smoking, obesity, increased salt intake, hypercholesterolemia, and hereditary factors essential hypertension
high blood pressure caused by the effects of another disease (e.g., kidney disease) secondary hypertension
protrusion of one or both cusps of the mitral valve back into the left atrium during ventricular contraction, resulting in incomplete closure and backflow of blood mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
heart attack; death of myocardial tissue (infarction) caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow) as a result of an occlusion (plugging) of a coronary artery; usually caused by atherosclerosis; symptoms include pain in the chest or upper body (shoulders, neck myocardial infarction (MI) (Fig. 5-13)
inflammation of myocardium; most often caused by viral or bacterial infection myocarditis
inflammation of the pericardium pericarditis
damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rheumatic fever (a streptococcal infection) rheumatic heart disease
the abrupt cessation of any cardiac output (CO), most commonly as the result of ventricular fibrillation; causes sudden death unless defibrillation is initiated immediately sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)
formation of a clot in a deep vein of the body, occurring most often in the femoral and iliac veins deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
inflammation of a vein phlebitis
inflammation of a vein associated with a clot formation thrombophlebitis
0 ′tis
abnormally swollen, twisted veins with defective valves; most often seen in the legs varicose veins
Created by: shachi.pandit