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027

Musculoskeletal system - Q – Operative terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
amputation partial or complete removal of a limb (AKA = above-knee amputation; BKA = below-knee amputation)
arthrocentesis puncture for aspiration of a joint
arthrodesis binding or fusing of joint surfaces
arthroplasty repair or reconstruction of a joint
arthroscopy (Fig. 4-19) procedure using an arthroscope to examine, diagnose, and repair a joint from within
bone grafting transplantation of a piece of bone from one site to another to repair a skeletal defect
bursectomy excision of a bursa
myoplasty repair of muscle
open reduction, internal fixation (ORIF) of a fracture (Fig. 4-20) internal surgical repair of a fracture by bringing bones back into alignment and fixing them in place with devices such as plates, screws, and pins
osteoplasty repair of bone
osteotomy an incision into bone
spondylosyndesis spinal fusion
tenotomy division of a tendon by incision to repair a deformity caused by shortening of a muscle
Created by: shachi.pandit