Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

025

Musculoskeletal system - Q – Diagnostic terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
ankylosis stiff joint condition
arthritis inflammation of the joints characterized by pain, swelling, redness, warmth, and limitation of motion; there are more than 100 different types of arthritis
osteoarthritis (OA) (Fig. 4-11) most common form of arthritis, especially affecting the weight-bearing joints (e.g., knee or hip), characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage
degenerative joint disease (DJD) 0
rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (Fig. 4-12) most crippling form of arthritis; characterized by chronic, systemic inflammation, most often affecting joints and synovial membranes (especially in the hands and feet) and causing ankylosis and deformity
gouty arthritis acute attacks of arthritis, usually in a single joint (especially the great toe), caused by hyperuricemia (an excessive level of uric acid in the blood)
bony necrosis bone tissue that has died from loss of blood supply, such as can occur after a fracture (sequestrum = something laid aside)
bunion swelling of the joint at the base of the great toe caused by inflammation of the bursa
bursitis inflammation of a bursa
chondromalacia softening of cartilage
epiphysitis inflammation of the epiphyseal regions of the long bone
fracture (Fx) (Fig. 4-13) broken or cracked bone
closed fracture broken bone with no open wound
open fracture compound fracture; broken bone with an open wound
simple fracture nondisplaced fracture with one fracture line that does not require extensive treatment to repair (e.g., hairline fracture, stress fracture, or a crack)
complex fracture displaced fracture that requires manipulation or surgery to repair
fracture line the line of the break in a broken bone (e.g., oblique, spiral, or transverse)
comminuted fracture broken in many small pieces
greenstick fracture bending and incomplete break of a bone; most often seen in children
herniated disk protrusion of a degenerated or fragmented intervertebral disk so that the nucleus pulposus protrudes, causing compression on the nerve root (see Chapter 8, Fig. 8-8)
myeloma bone marrow tumor
myositis inflammation of muscle
myoma muscle tumor
leiomyoma smooth muscle tumor
leiomyosarcoma malignant smooth muscle tumor
rhabdomyoma skeletal muscle tumor
rhabdomyosarcoma malignant skeletal muscle tumor
muscular dystrophy a category of genetically transmitted diseases characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscles; Duchenne type is most common
osteoma bone tumor
osteosarcoma type of malignant bone tumor
osteomalacia disease marked by softening of the bone caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiency
rickets osteomalacia in children; causes bone deformity
osteomyelitis infection of bone and bone marrow, causing inflammation
osteoporosis (Fig. 4-14) condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and to fracture more easily (porosis = passage)
spinal curvatures (Fig. 4-15) curvatures of the spine (backbone) or spinal column (vertebral column)
kyphosis abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humped-back condition)
lordosis abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (sway-back condition)
scoliosis (Fig 4-16) abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped curve)
spondylolisthesis (Fig. 4-17) forward slipping of a lumbar vertebra (listhesis = slipping)
spondylosis stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae caused by joint degeneration
sprain injury to a ligament caused by joint trauma but without joint dislocation or fracture
subluxation partial dislocation (luxation = dislocation)
tendinitis or tendonitis inflammation of a tendon
Created by: shachi.pandit