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Hesi a2 Part two

QuestionAnswer
what are the two types of cellular transport Active & Passive
how many basic tissue types does a human have 4
what are the types of muscle tissues skeletal,smooth,and cardiac
what organ system produce movement through contraction muscular
which term means toward the front of the body anterior
what system is the brain apart of nervous system
what is the name for the study of the structure and shape of the human body anatomy
what is the name for the study of how parts of the body function physiology
Circulation transporting oxygen and other nutrients to the tissues via cardiovascular system
what are the types of connective tissues cartilage,adipose,and blood tissue
How many organ systems does the body have 11
which organ system is the spleen in lymphatic
which term means close to the trunk of the body proximal
what is the 3 functions of the integumentary (skin) protect internal tissues from injury,waterproofs the body,and helps regulate body temperature
what does optic refer to eye or vision
what are groups of cells that perform the same function called tissues
when does the nuclear division of somatic cells take place during cellular reproduction mitosis
which major parts and organs make up the immune system lymphatic system,spleen,tonsils,thymus,and bone marrow
what is the role of ribosomes proteins
example of a tissue chloroplast
what system is the adrenal glands apart of endocrine system
what is hemoglobin a protein found in RBC's
what is the function of smooth muscle tissue it contracts to assist the stomach in the mechanical breakdown of food
what are 3 products of respiration carbon dioxide,water,and ATP
which blood vessel contains the least-oxygenated blood pulmonary artery
Anterior/Ventral farther to the front
Posterior/Dorsal farther to the back
lateral view side
Anterior for the hand region volar
medial toward the midline
plantar surface sole of the foot
Bones of the foot Phalanges-toes,Metatarsals-long bones,Cuneiform/Navicular/Talus-top bones,Cuboid-bottom bone,Calcaneus-ankle
superior upper region
inferior lower region
lateral away from the midline
proximal closer to the point of attachment
distal further from the point of attachment
superficial more towards the surface
deep further, deeper
anatomical position upright, lower and upper extremities forward, palms facing up, thumbs down
Sagittal plane making a left and right
midsagital center
coronal plane (frontal) anterior and posterior (front and back)
Transverse plane superior and inferior (upper and lower)
how many bones in the human body 206
hematopoeisis blood cell production
what stage does ossification begin Embryonic
name of the heel bone calcancus
has a very ordered, tightly packed arrangement of bony tissue compact bone
where is compact bone primarily found shafts of long bones
other places compact bone is found epiphyses of long bones and the outer surface of all other bones
what is the outer surface of a bone known as cortex or cortical surface
what is the inner surface of a bone known as the shaft
radiograph X-ray
a fracture (broken bone) break in the cortical surface
Compact bone structural units that are cylindric in shape osteons
osteon blood vessel location osteonic canal
Another name for oteonic canals Haversian canals
Volkmann's canals connect the blood vessel from one osteonic canal to the blood vessel of another osteonic canal
what is the purpose of the blood vessels in a bone provide the nourishment necessary for bone cells (osteocytes)
how do osteocytes get there noujrishment arrange themselves around the osteonic canal in concentric circles
what creates the cylindric shape of an osteon arrangement of osteocytes around the osteonic canal
lacuna space in the bone matrix that houses the osteocyte
canaliculi Osteocytes send small cytoplasmic processes through these canaliculi to communicate with adjacent osteocytes in other lacunae
how many chromosomes does each cell of the human body contains 46 chromosomes
what is a gamete male spermatozoa and female ova
how many chromosomes does a gamete have 23
Who might be considered the founder of the scientific study of genetics Mendel
genome genetic material in each cell of the human body
what is a simple fracture? a single fracture line
what is a comminuted fracture? multiple lines and fragments
what is a complete fracture? Simple fractures extending through the entire thickness of the bones
what is a incomplete fracture? do not extend from one side to another
closed fracture overlying skin is intact
open or compound fracture the skin is disrupted
connects the legs to the trunk hips or pelvic girdle
what are the bones of an adult hip girdle? two large coxals,1 sacrum, and 1 coccyx
functions for the pelvic girdle bones? connects trunk and legs, supports and balances the trunk,contains and supports the intestines, urinary bladder, and internal sex organs
what are the bones of an infant hip girdle? ilium,ischium, and the pubis
which extremity is the pelvic located lower or higher lower extremity
whom has a narrower width pelvis giving it a more funnel-like shape? male pelvis
The only bone in the thigh femur bone
The longest bone in the body femur bone
acetabulum cup-shaped socket that forms the hip joint with the head of the femur (thighbone)
patella knee cap
tibia shinbone
fibula calf bone
Vertebroplasty the injection of a “super glue” type of bone cement to repair fractured and compressed (collapsed) vertebrae
phalanges toe bones
metatarsals middle foot bones
tarsals back foot bones
flat feet foot ligaments and tendons weaken and the arches then flatten
ligaments connects bones to other bones
tendons connects muscle to bone
the inside arch of the foot medial longitudinal arch
the outer edge of the foot lateral longitudinal arch
arch that extends across the ball of the foot transverse or metatarsal arch
lymphocyte white blood cell
where are all lymphocytes made bone marrow
T lymphocytes are matured in the thymus
B lymphocytes are matured in the _ and move to the _ bone marrow,lymphoid tissue
primary lymphoid organs bone marrow,thymus
secondary lymphoid organs lymph nodes,spleen
MALT mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
B Cells make antibodies, which circulate and bind to antigens
T cells function recognize and kill virus-infected cells directly
NK cells to kill tumor and foreign cells 3 days after infection
cytokines cell to cell communication in immune responses and stimulate the movement of cells towards sites of inflammation, infection and trauma
interferon proteins by cells in response to pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, parasites or tumor cells
immunoglobulins Y-shape antibody produced by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects such as bacteria and viruses
Malignant diseases of the white blood cell leukemia and lymphoma
leukemia increased number of malignant white blood cells in the peripheral blood
which structure in the brain is responsible for arousal and maintenance of consciousness The reticular activating system
the triceps reflex forces contraction of the triceps and extension of the arm
which cranial nerve is responsible for hearing and balance cranial nerve VIII
which gland is responsible for the regulation of calcium levels the parathyroid glands
which hormone is predominantly produced during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle progesterone
the pancreas secretes what hormone in response to low blood glucose levels glucagon
which layer of the heart contains striated muscle fibers for contraction of the heart myocardium
which part of the cardiac conduction system is the most distal from the initial impulse and conducts the charge throughout the heart tissue Perkinje fibers
which blood vessel carries oxygenated blood back to the heart pulmonary vein
which granulocyte is most likely to be elevated during an allergic response Eosinophil
which vitamin is essential for proper formation of clotting factors Vitamin K
afferent lymph vessels carry lymph Toward the the lymph node
cricoid cartilage is found on the trachea
what is found in the mediastinum thymus,trachea, and vagus nerve
what is the proper order of the divisions of small intestine as food passes through the gastrointestinal tract duodenum,ileum, jejunum
the primary function of gastrin is to stimulate secretion of gastric enzymes and motility of the stomach
majority of nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine
adult bladder capacity 500 ml
which hormone regulates urine output anti-diuretic hormone
where is interstitial fluid found in the tissues around cells
normal pH of the body fluids 7.35 to 7.45
lab results in a patient with respiratory acidosis increased PaCO2 and decreased pH
Which testicular cells secrete testosterone leydig's cells
where does fertilization of an egg by a sperm cell occur the fallopian tubes
which cells are found in the skin and assist in boosting immune function langerhans cells
part of the brain responsible for muscular coordination Cerebellum
production of urine in the kidney Blood>kidneys>Waste filtered>Water+waste collected>urine is drained through the ureter into the bladder
a solution used to prevent changes in pH Hormones
What is a hallow organ organ that forms a tube, pouch, or cavity
Name the hollow organs stomach, intestine, heart,urinary bladder
When does ossification happen embryonic development
Where is the tibialis anterior Lower leg (shin)
Where is the trapezius located scapula (shoulder blade)
what part of the brain controls muscle coordination Cerebellum
where does the exchange of gas and oxygen take place Capillaries
How does blood get to the kidney Renal artery
What filters blood entering the kidney Nephrons
How does filtered blood exit the kidney Renal vein
How does waste(urine) exit the kidney Renal pelvis-ureters
Created by: jazzcl07