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Home Front

British Depth Studies - Home Front - Dates

1914 Aug 2nd War Declared on Germany 1/2 million recruited in one month in Gov drive
1914 Aug 8th Defence Against the Realm Act - DORA - introduced
1914 Autumn Many women's organisations set up eg Women's Hospital Corps and Womens Police Volunteers
1914 Dec 16th First bombing of British civilians
1915 Jan 19th First air raids by German Zeppelins
1915 May Coalition Gov formed
1915 May 31 First Zeppelin air raid of London
1915 July Munitions Crisis
1915 Autumn Trade unions and employers refuse to take on women. Gov agreed to pay out same and men and only until man labour was available again Gov set up own munitions factories and employ mainly women
1916 Jan 25th 1st Military Service Bill - Conscription of Single Men aged 18 - 40
1916 May 16th 2nd Military Service Bill - extended to married men
1916 July 1st Battle of the Somme Begins (until Nov)
1916 Aug (2) 1. Gov's new film 'The Battle of the Somme' in cinema. V. popular. Evening News - "Greatest moving picture in the world" 2. Medical reports published of women's health problems when handling TNT
1916 Nov 18 Battle of Somme called off (after 4 months) More British killed than any other battle - 500,000 casualties - for little land gain
1916 Nov 1. Gov allowed journalist at the front. 2. 1st Public Criticism of War - Generals doing a bad job
1916 Dec 7th Lloyd George now PM. Set up: Ministry of Labour - For labour supply in industry Ministry of Food - For food supply
1917 Feb (2) 2. German's 3rd and most deadly submarine warfare against British merchant ships 1. Women's Land Army formed. Recruited women as farm labourers
1917 Apr German U-Boats sink 1/4 British merchant ships: - Food supplies run low - DORA lets gov take 2.5 mill acres of farming land to help Britain
1917 Nov (2) 1. Voluntary Rationing introduced. A failure. Prices rise, queues get longer. 2. 'Ninepenny Loaf' introduced. Price of break was fixed
1917 Dec Representation of the People Act Passed, became law in 1918: 1. Women +30 and Household owners/married to property owners could VOTE! 2. All men 21+
1918 Feb 25th Compulsory rationing in Southern Britain and London
1918 Apr Whole country rationing of meat, butter and cheese
1918 Nov 11th Armistice signed. War over.
1918 Dec 14th 1st General election with women votes
In 1915 100,000 women sign up for work in industry, but only 5,000 were employed
1914 October HMS Audacious is sunk. This is unreported by media to keep up moral.
1914 - 1918 Circulation of Daily Express nearly doubles
By 1918 'John Bull' selling 2 mil copies, 'News of the World' even more
1914 (anti war) 'Common Sense about the War', a anti-war pamphlet by George Bernard Shaw sold 25,000 copies. Became the target of much critism.
1917 July 'A Solider's Declaration' written by Siegfried Sassoon. Read out in the House of Commons and published in several newspapers.
1914 (Women's Role) Campaign for Women's Vote suspended for the war
1916 (Women's Role) Women could serve forces at the Front Line
1918 (Women's Role) Women's 1st army unit, Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), formed but never fought in the front line.
1919 Nancy Astor is first MP in Commons
1928 Full Vote's for Women granted
Created by: snazzy