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chapter 19 addendum

common blood chemistry test (Krista Elzey)

Albumin aminotransferase (ALT) Detects liver disease reference range: 45 U/L or less
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assists in dx of liver & bone disease reference range 25-140 U/L
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) detects tissue damage reference range 40 U/L or less
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) screen for renal disease, especially glomerular functioning reference range 7-25 mg/dl
calcium (Ca) to assess parathyroid functioning & calcium metabolism & evaluate malignancies reference range 96-109 mmol/L
Chloride (Cl) assists in dx disorders of acid-based & water balance reference range 96-109 mmol/L
Cholesterol(Chol) to screen for atherosclerosis relates to coronary artery disease; secondary aid in study of thyroid & liver functioning reference range : (desirable) Less than 200 mg/dL
low density lipoprotein (LDL) complex molecules found in cholesterol; picks up cholesterol from ingested fats & the liver, delivers to blood vessels & muscles; aka bad cholesterol reference range: (optimal) less than 100 mg/dL
high density lipoprotein (HDL) complex molecule found in cholesterol; removes excess cholesterol from the cells & carries it to the liver to excreted; aka good cholesterol reference range: (optimal) 60mg/dL or greater
creatinine (creat) screening test of renal functioning reference range: 0.6-1.5 mg/dL
globulin (glob) to identify abnormalities in rate of protein synthesis & removal reference range: 2-3.4 mg/dL
glucose to detect disorders of glucose metabolism reference range: varies
fasting blood glucose (FBG)or fasting blood sugar (FBS) blood sugar done w/ pt having being NPO for 12hr prior to test. reference range: normal 70-99 mg/dL
2 hour postprandial blood sugar (2-hr PPBS) often reformed on pt with DM to eval progress & regulate tx OR as routine screening to detect DM. the pt fasts after midnight; breakfast contains 100g of carbs OR drinks a glucose solution. reference range: less than 40 mg/dL
oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) provides more detail info about the ability of the body to metabolize glucose by assessing the insulin response to a load. reference range: 139 mg/dL or less
lactate dehydrogenase (LD) assist in confirming myocardial or pulmonary infarction; also used in differential dx of MD and pernicious anemia reference range: 240 L or less
phosphorus (P) assists in proper eval & interpretation of calcium levels; used to detect disorders of endocrine system, done disease & kidney function reference range: 2.5-4.5 mg/dL
potassium (K) to dx disorders or acid-base & water balance in the body reference rage: 3.5-5.3 mg/dL
sodium (Na) to detect changes in water & salt balance in the body reference range: 135-147 mmol
total bilirubin (TB) to evaluate liver functioning & hemolytic anemia reference range: 0.2-1.3
total protein (TP) screens for disease that alter protein balance & assesses state of body hydration reference range: 4.5-12 ug/dL
triglycerides (trig) to evaluate pt with suspected atherosclerosis reference range: less than 150 mg/dL
uric acid (UA) to evaluate renal failure, gout, & luekemia reference range: male 3.9-9 mg/dL female 2.2-7.7 mg/dL
Created by: kristaelzey