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Chapter 19

Common Blood Chemistry Tests- Taylor Frazier

Albumin aminotransferase (ALT) Detects liver disease. Reference range: 45 U/L or less
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) Assists in dx of liver & bone disease. Reference range: 25-140 U/L
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) Detects tissue damage. Reference range: 40 U/L or less.
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) Screens for renal disease, especially glomerular functioning. Reference range: 7-25
Calcium (Ca) To assess parathyroid functioning & calcium metabolism & evaluate malignancies. Reference range: 8.5-10.8 mg/dL
Chloride (Cl) Assists in diagnosing disorders of acid-base & water balance. Reference range: 96-109mg/dL
Cholesterol (Chol) To screen for atherosclerosis related to coronary artery disease; secondary aid in study of thyroid & liver functioning. Reference range: (desirable) Less than 200 mg/dL
Low density Lipoprotein (LD) Complex molecules found in cholesterol; picks up cholesterol from ingested fats & the liver, delivers to blood vessels & muscles; aka bad cholesterol. Reference range: (optimal) Less than 100 mg/dL
High density Lipoprotein (HDL) Complex molecule found in cholesterol; removes excess cholesterol from the cells & carries it to the liver to be excreted; aka good cholesterol from the cells. Reference range: (optimal) 60 mg/dL or greater
Creatinine (Creat) Screening test of renal functioning. Refernce range: 0.6-1.5 mg/dL
Globulin (Glob) To identify abnormalities in rate of protein syntheses & removal. Reference range: 2-3.4 mg/dL
Glucose To detect disorders of glucose metabolism. Reference range: varies
Fasting blood glucose (FBG) or fasting blood sugar (FBS) Blood sugar done with patient having being NPO for 12 hours prior to test. Reference range: Normal 70-99 mg/dL
Created by: taylorfrazier