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Stufflet Unit 18 Eur

Unit 18 Euro

Prague Spring Czech revolt against against hard-line communist rule in 1968; crushed by Soviets
re-Stalinization Soviet crack-down on eastern Europe and Soviet society under Leonid Brezhnev
Alexandr Solzhenitsyn Soviet writer exiled for writing One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
Brezhnev Doctrine said the Soviets would intervene in eastern Europe to put down attempts at reform or revolution
Leonid Brezhnev Soviet leader from 1964 to 1982 who introduced re-Stalinization
Mikhail Gorbachev Soviet leader who came to power in 1985 and introduced reforms
perestroika "restructuring" of the Soviet economy; limited free market reforms
glasnost "openess" or freedom of speech
Pope John Paul II Polish pope who spoke out against communism and secretly worked for its downfall
Solidarity Polish labor union that demanded free trade unions, freedom of speech, economic reforms, release of political prisoners
Lech Walesa leader of major Polish labor union; later became 1st non-communist leader of postwar Poland
Hungary 1st country to dismantle "iron curtain"
Vaclav Havel Czech intellectual who became 1st non-communist President of Czechoslovkia in postwar era
Velvet Revolution name for the dissolution of Czech communist party; applied to most other eastern European revolutions in 1989
Romania only country in which 1989 revolutions were violent
Boris Yeltsin Former Communist who embraced democracy and Russian nationalism; President of Russia after communism's collapse
Helmut Kohl West German Christian Democratic leader who led German reunification
Paris Accords agreement that essentially ended Cold War in 1990 and recognized existing European borders
Chechnya Islamic territory that seeks to break away from Russia
Slobodan Milosevic Serb leader implicated in the "ethnic cleansing" of Croats and Bosnians in 1993 Yugoslav Civil War
Dayton Accords ended Yugoslav Civil War; gave 51% of Bosnia to Bosnians and 49% to Serbs
Irish Republican Army terrorist group that seeks to separate Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom
ETA Basque terrorist group that seeks to separate Basque country from Spain and France
Baader Meinhof Gang left-wing terrorist group in West Germany; sought to start communist revolution in 1970s
Maastricht Treaty created the European Union and called for the creation of the Euro
Euro common currency of most EU states
Created by: stufflsb