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APUSH

APUSH Vocab

TermDefinition
GI Bill provided for college education, cheap loans, VA hospitals, and preferential job treatment for returning veterans of WWII
"Baby Boom" term for demographic increase from 1945-1960
Levittown mass produced housing community in Long Island, NY; exemplified growth of suburbs
"white flight" term for movement of white Americans to the suburbs after WWII
"Sun Belt" term to describe southern portion of US that saw demographic growth in the post WWII years
Fail Deal nickname for Truman's domestic program
Employment Act of 1946 legislation that was meant to sustain economic growth in post WWII era; created Council of Economic Advisors
Social Security Act of 1950 increased Social Security benefits to more Americans by expanding coverage for retirement
Taft-Hartley Act anti-union law that outlawed closed shops and created "right to work" laws
Jackie Robinson first African-American to play major league baseball
Dixiecrats southern Democrats who left Democratic Party because Truman's stance on civil rights; later joined Republican Party
22nd Amendment limited president to maximum of 2 full terms in office
Cold War period of tension between the US and Soviet Union (USSR) that lasted from 1945-1990
"proxy" wars wars where third parties or substitutes are used
Containment America's post WWII foreign policy; sought to keep communism where it was and not let it spread
Truman Doctrine outlined the policy of containment; first announced in response to Greece
Iron Curtain referred to fortified border that USSR erected to separate eastern European satellite countries (Eastern Block) from western Europe
Berlin Blockade Stalin's plan to cut off West Berlin from supplies in western Germany by cutting off the land routes
Berlin Airlift Truman's response to the Berlin Blockade; kept West Berlin supplied by air
Marshall Plan economic aid program to re-build European economies after WWII; gave $12 billion to European countries that wanted it
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) western military alliance meant to defend all members from attack
38th Parallel line that divided North and South Korea
Douglas MacArthur American general fired by Truman for publicly criticizing Truman's policies
Punmunjon Korean city where cease-fire to Korean War was signed in 1953
Executive Order 9835 created loyalty boards to determine if there were government employees who belonged to communist organizations
National Security Act of 1947 created Department of Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence agency
NSC-68 top secret policy paper that officially defined Cold War as clash between "good" and "evil"
Second Red Scare fear that there was communist infiltration at all levels of US government in early 1950s
Senator Joseph McCarthy claimed US government was infiltrated by communists including Secretary of state Dean Acheson and General George Marshall (Marshall Plan)
Army-McCarthy Hearings of 1954 public hearings on TV that exposed McCarthy as a bully; resulted in his being censured by Senate
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) committee in House o Representatives that was meant to expose communists in society, government, and entertainment industry
Hollywood Ten screenwriters, producers, directors who were accused of communism by HUAC; started "blacklisting" in entertainment industry
Alger Hiss State Department official accused by Richard Nixon of giving secrets to communists
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg American couple accused of giving atomic secrets to Russians in 1950; executive
"military-industrial" complex term created by Eisenhower that described weapons makers and military influence on the US foreign policy
Nikita Khrushchev Soviet leader after Stalin
Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) term that referred to idea that a nuclear attack by one nation would result in the destruction of both nations
Fulgencio Bastista Cuban dictator in 1950s; overthrown by communist revolution in 1959
Fidel Castro Cuban communist leader who otherthrew US backed dictatorship
Ho Chi Minh Communist-nationalist leader of Vietnam
Dien Bien Phu fortress where French were defeated by Vietminh in Vietnam in 1954; resulted in French withdrawal and American involvement in Vietnam
Geneva Peace Accords, 1954 after French defeat, split Vietnam the 17th parallel into the communist north, noncommunist south
Warsaw Pact eastern military alliance meant to defend all communist countries from attack
Domino Theory idea that if one country in southeast Asia was allowed to fall to communists, others would soon follow
Highway Act of 1956 cited national security reasons to build interstate highways (troop/nuke movements)
"other directed" society term created by David Riesman to Harvard; referred to concept that people measured themselves against images created by mass media
Mass Culture Debate cultural controversy of the 1950s that claimed American culture was too standardized
Dr. Benjamin Spock said women were natural child rearers; future of US depended on their role; wrote parenting books that promoted traditional gender roles for women
Elvis Presley example of youth's revolt against conformity; first great "rock and roll" star; lyrics and moves seen as sexually promiscuous and "black"
Hugh Hefner example of male revolt against conformity; found Playboy magazine
Created by: danat214