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Districts

Historic Districts, Downtowns, Art Districts, Industrial/Office, Main Streets

QuestionAnswer
Historical Resources Planning
Two ways a district can be designated as "historic" 1) it is included in the National Register of Historic Places; 2) meets local "historic preservation ordinances" as determined by the Municipal Historic District Commission. If determined historic, the district can receive federal and state funding
Secretary of Interior - "review standards" for rehabilitating historic structures
National Register of Historic Districts List of places and properties that the federal government has deemed historically and culturally significant, and was created under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. National Park Service implements the register program.
Federal Undertakings Defined as any project, activity, or program that receives funding, assistance or approval from the federal government. If a structure on the national register is privately owned, the owner is free to maintain it however they want or tear it down
Downtown Planning rely on economic development strategies, housing strategies, revitalization, arts, business improvement, high rise buildings, mixed use, transportation, pedestrian safety and access, convention centers, adaptive reuse, rehab older homes and units.
Art Districts cultural facilities, public spaces, public art which all bolster the local economy by brining in visitors, increasing property values, and attracting an educated and creative workforce.
5 Types of Art Districts
Cultural Compounds The oldest types of art districts. In addition to art, they may include parks, hospitals, and residences.
Major cultural institutions includes playhouses, libraries, museums, and large concert halls.
arts and entertainment districts include small theaters and galleries that display popular attractions
downtown arts districts Are entire downtown areas that have been converted into art districts. They are normally found in smaller, tourism-oriented cities with walkable downtowns.
Cultural production districts include arts centers, specialized studios, classrooms, and other facilities that are oriented more towards education than tourism.
Industrial Parks - important components include:
Safe, efficient road system and easy access to major roadways, highways, and other transportation systems Internal roads and parking system should follow ITE standards, which regulates road width, bearing capacity, parking requirements, and other transportation-related characteristics
sufficient utilities and infrastructure fire suppression, sewer, WW management, electricity, natural gas, telecomm, and storm water management
large, rectangular land tracts with very few development obstacles tracts should have a depth between 200 and 300 feet. to use land in the most efficient manner possible and facilitate truck movement, older industrial parks and their streets are arranged in a grid shape.
access to nearby labor force possessing adequate skills the labor force must be affordable and have access to transportation
Office Parks
Campus-style office park more traditional, self-contained office park. Requires large areas of undeveloped land (up to several hundred acres), and offers a mixture of land uses such as retail centers, restaurants, and residential housing.
Urban-style office park a smaller type of office park (as little as 20 acres) found in well-developed urban areas where undeveloped and appropriately zoned land can be very expensive. Urban style parks incorporate high-density development, such as high-rise buildings.
other needs: office parks generated a lot of traffic, so roadway system should be adequate to accommodate more cars and transportation options. In order to attract businesses, an office park should be easily distinguishable in the landscape
Main Streets
Building Form includes storefront design, height, setbacks, profile, windows and doorways, proportion to surrounding buildings. Long windows on the ground
Streetscape design tree cover, lighting, benches, open spaces, wayfinding systems (maps, signs), etc.
Parking on-street and structures
Traffic slowed by a variety of devices and design features
Other considerations pedestrian routes, bicycle paths/infrastructure, transit systems
Created by: jlongabaugh