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Ag Land Preservation

Agricultural Districting The practice of reserving certain areas of land for farming. No restrictions regarding LU, and may receive benefits in exchange for not developing on their land. May include exemptions from sewer/water assessments, use-value taxation, eminent domain
Right-to-Farm Laws Absolve farmers from abiding by certain nuisance laws that would otherwise hinder their ability to farm. Local govs cant pass laws that ban farming practices, and farmers cannot be sued if their activities create dust, animal odors, chemicals or noises
Agricultural Zoning Zoning is the most common method. Prevents ag land from being used for activities that are incompatible with farming. Exclusive ag zoning forbids any non-farm use. Nonexclusive ag zoning may allow some non-farm related uses and DUs
Nonexclusive Agricultural Zoning types
Large minimum lot size Sets lot sizes for farmland properties that are affordable to most farmers but large enough to deter other types of buyers. Lot size is determined by the minimum area needed to create a functioning farm and the specific ag activities performed.
Fixed area ratio zoning Uses a density standard to establish the maximum number of non-farm structures that can be built per unit area of ag land. For instance, a county gov could set a fixed area ratio of 1 non-farm dwelling unit per 15 rural acres.
Sliding scale zoning Allows for a larger number of non-farm structures in agricultural areas than would be allowable under other types of nonexclusive agricultural zoning. It increases the available area for dwellings by subdividing small farm parcels.
Small Town Planning Components
Factory-built homes Factory-built homes are any homes that are constructed primarily off of the building site. These can be divided into 3 different categories: 1) manufactured homes; 2) modular homes; 3) mobile homes
Manufactured Homes Constitute 10% of all homes in the US, and a percentage much higher than 10% in rural areas. They are "single-section" which are entirely finished when they leave the manufacturer; or "multi-section" which have 2 or more sections that are put together.
Manufactured Homes (cont.) can be built as duplexes, fourplexes and townhomes. Regulated by "HUD code" which sets standards for heating, air conditioning, electrical fire safety, plumbing, etc.
Manufactured Housing Improvement Act 2000. HUD Code was updated which requires that every state create an installation program. State and local law regulates the siting of manufactured homes, including setbacks, location, zoning, appearance, additions, and elevation.
Fee-simple subdivisions for manufactured homes Fee-simple subdivisions sell manufactured homes and their lots as individual parcels while abiding by the same standards as conventional subdivisions.
Land-lease developments for manufactured homes Land-lease are under single ownership, and include two or more manufactured homes, each of which his leased to a tenant.
Private Sewage Treatment Facilities (PSTFs) Are small and privately owned. They can only process btw 3,000 and 10,000 gpd, limiting their use to no more than 12 housing units. Illegal in many states. Prohibited in flood plains, around public water systems, and near habitats.
Created by: jlongabaugh