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Growth Management

GM techniques

Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) Allows a municipality to protect open space, historical sites, ag land, forests, etc. without paying monetary compensation. Under TDR, a developer surrenders the right ot use a portion of land in exchange for the right to use another portion of land.
TDR (cont.) Implemented through overlay district - divides districts into two types: sending district and receiving district. TDR cannot be used unless its in the zoning ordinance. Must consider whether or not a receiving area can economically support increased dev.
Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) allows a local gov or agency to purchase dev rights from private landowners in order to protect various natural features and ecologically sensitive areas. Although the landowner agrees to sell his dev rights, he still retains private ownership of land
Fee-in-lieu Fee-in-lieu is money paid by a housing developer who is unable to create affordable housing within a planned development project. the fee is normally paid to a local housing authority or local affordable housing trust fund.
Fee-in-lieu (cont.) In most cases, developers must demonstrate a valid hardship in order to forgo their obligation to build affordable housing. A hardship would be incurred if building affordable homes was simply not economically feasible for a particular site.
Housing Impact Fee aka "linkage fee" - often incurred by new development projects that serve either comm or industrial land uses. This type of dev often creates a need for more housing for the workers; therefore, the fees are allocated for the creation of new aff units
Urban Growth Boundary UGB is a line of demarcation between urban areas and rural areas. It projects pop growth for the next 10 to 20 years and shows the projected increases in support services within areas of urban expansion. Land outside the UGB is often reserved for farming
Urban Growth Boundary (cont.) Boundary cannot be moved until inside boundary is built out, then line is extended. The UGB was first used in Lexington and Fayette County, Kentucky in 1958.
Quota Systems Limit the number and types of building permits issued over a year. Future growth is slowed and communities are allowed more time to assimilate existing growth. Quota systems are common in rapidly growing areas and areas with insufficient infrastructure
Moratorium Stops or severely restricts certain types of development, usually until a more thorough plan is developed or certain necessities (such as water and utilities) can be expanded.
Annexation Occurs when a municipality or district government incorporates county land that was previously unincorporated.
Exaction Costs a developer must pay before he is permitted to build. They cannot be levied unless they promote a genuine public interest and the local gov is empowered to do so. Can include the contribution of funds, land, or certain types of construction.
Exaction (cont.) Most common in subdivisions where growth pressure is strong. Exaction amount is determined by assessing the development's cost to the community. Impact fees are a common exaction to pay for capital improvements required to support the project.
Created by: jlongabaugh