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ap human geo chap 2

population

QuestionAnswer
the scientific study of population characteristics. demography
the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living overpopulation
the portion of earths surface occupied human settlement. ecumene
the total number of people divided by total land area. arithmetic density
in a region the number of people supported by a unit of arable land. physiological density
the total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society crude birth rate
the total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society crude death rate
the ratio of the number of farmers to the amount of arable land. agricultural density
it is the opposition to overpopulation and refers to a sharp drop or decrease in a regions population underpopulation
the total number of people divided by total land area arithmetic density
providing the best outcomes for human and natural environments both in the present and for the future. sustainability
quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way they are distributed within a population standard of living
helps predict future problems within population such as overpopulation or underpopulation of a certain race or ethnicity (predicts the future of an area of the world) population projection
disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population pandemic
the process of change in a society population form a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rates of neutral increase, and higher total population. demographic transition
branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease that affects large numbers of people. epidemiology
a complete enumeration of a population census
the number of males per hundred female in the population. sex ratio
the number of people who are too young or too old to work, compared to the number of people in their productive years. dependency ratio
a country's population can be displayed by age and gender groups on a bar graph population pyramid
a decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero. zero population growth
medical technology invented in Europe and north America that is diffused into poorer countries of Latin America , Asia, and africa. improved medical practices have elimimated manh of the traditonal causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more peop medical revolution
a conjunction of major improvements in industrial technology, this formed the process of manufacturing goods and delivering them industrial revolution
the time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering agricultural revolution
the measure of the average number of years a newborn can expect to live at current mortality levels life expectancy
the annual number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age, compared with total live births. infant mortality rate
the average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years total fertility rate
which is the number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase doubling time
the percentage by which a population grows in a year. natural increase rate
physical or virtual space that is associated with a particular gender because of the activities that occur in the space gender space
branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease that affects large numbers of people epidemiology
a sudden increase or burst in the population in either a certain geographical area or world wide population explosion
different regions that belong to the different stages of the demographic transition. demographic regions
two back to back bar graphs, one showing the number of males and one showing females in a particular population in five-years and groups. age distribution
the number of people who are too young or too old to work, compared to the number of people in their productive years. dependency ratio
the arrangement of a feature in space is distribution. Geographers identify the three man properties as density, concentration, and pattern. population distribution
the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; it is expressed as a number of birth in a year to every 1,000 people alive in the society. natality
a disease transmitted to a new location disease distribution
a projection graph which levels off changing a j-curve to an s-curve. s-curve
the projection population show exponential growth; sometimes shape as a j-curve j-curve
A doctrine advocating control of population growth. neo-Malthusian
population of various age categories in an age-sex population pyramids. cohort
the formula that calculates population change. births - deaths (+ or -) net migration demographic equation
the population level that can be supported, given the quality of food, habitat, water and other life infrastructure present. carry capacity
helps predict future problems with population such as overpopulation of a certain race or ethnicity (predicts the future of an area of the world) population projection
this is the tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution demographic momentum
distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition. epidemiologic transition
An adaptation that is (or has become) less helpful than harmful. maladaptation
shows how many kids a mother is having therefore we see where the countries are growing and which are leveling off. diffusion of fertility control
Created by: dirtqueen4