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Module 2


Axial Muscles are any of the skeletal muscles of the trunk or head.
Appendicular Muscles are any of the muscles of the upper or lower limbs. They control the movement of limbs and also stabilize and control the movements of pectoral and pelvic girdles.
Biceps Brachii is a two-headed muscle (bi- means “two”). It lies on the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow. Actions: Flex the elbow, supinate (rotate) the forearm
Deltoid Muscle forms the rounded shape of the shoulder. Actions: Abduction, flexion, and extension of shoulder
Triceps Brachii is the large muscle on the back of the arm. Actions: Extends forearm, straightens elbow
Gluteus Maximus is a narrow and thick muscle that makes up a large portion of the shape and appearance of the buttocks. Actions: External rotation and extension of the hip joint
Hamstrings are a large muscle group that occupies the back of the thigh. It is made up of three muscles: semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris Actions: Flexes knee joint, rotates the knee joint laterally, and extends the thigh
Quadriceps Femoris is a large muscle group that occupies the front and sides of the thigh. As the prefix quad- indicates, it is made up of four muscles: rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius Actions: Knee extension and hip flexion
Gastrocnemius on the back of the leg forms part of the calf. It is a powerful muscle that, along with the soleus muscle, forms the calf. Actions: Plantar flexion of the foot (flexing the foot toe-down, greater than 90 degrees), flexes knee
Created by: saldiva



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