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Stufflet Unit 17 Eur

Unit 17 Euro

TermDefinition
Cold War An era of tension between the USA and Soviet Union that lasted from roughly 1945 to 1990
Yalta Conference USA, GB, USSR agree eastern Europe will have free elections AND govt’s that are pro-Russian
Potsdam Conference President Truman demands immediate, free elections in eastern Europe
containment postwar US foreign policy that sought to limit the spread of communism
Marshall Plan program for Europe that included $13 billion in direct monetary aid
Berlin city that was blockaded by the Soviets in 1948; Truman responded with an airlift
NATO western military alliance in Cold War
Warsaw Pact eastern (communist) military alliance in Cold War
Christian Democrats political party that dominated West Germany as well as many other western European countries in the postwar era; provided effective political leadership
Labour Party left-wing British party that implemented national health insurance and nationalized some industries
John Maynard Keynes economist who believed in deficit spending to stimulate the economy in recessions
Jean Monnet French economist; helped build European economic unity with the Common Market
Ludwig Erhard German economist who helped rebuild West German economy
European Coal and Steel Community (1952) first attempt at economic union in Europe
European Economic Community (Common Market) reduced European tariffs on all goods in member states and allowed for freer movement of labor
Treaty of Rome created the Common Market
Algerian War colonial conflict that caused the downfall of the Fourth French Republic
Charles de Gaulle French nationalist leader that created the Fifth French Republic; President from 1958-1969
decolonization process by which European nations gave up their colonies
British Mandate of Palestine area of Middle East Britain ruled after World War II
Balfour Declaration of 1917 British promise to give Jews a homeland in the Middle East
Josip Broz (Tito) communist leader of Yugoslavia who maintained independence from the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev Soviet leader who assumed power after Stalin's death; denounced Stalin's atrocities
Doctor Zhivago written by Pasternak; criticized communist state
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich written by Solzhenitsyn; described life in a gulag
Hungary rebelled against Soviet rule in 1956
Prague Spring rebellion against Soviet rule in Czechoslovakia in 1968
Alexander Dubcek Czech leader of Prague Spring
Brezhnev Doctrine Soviet policy that vowed to crush any rebellions against communist rule in eastern Europe
Simone de Beauvoir wrote The Second Sex
University of Paris experienced major student revolts in 1968
detente A relaxation of tensions b/w the West and East
Willy Brandt implemented a policy of reconciliation with the east; known for asking forgiveness of the German crimes of WWII
Margaret Thatcher conservative Prime Minister of Great Britain who privatized British industry
Created by: stufflsb