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Census and Census Trends in Demographics

2000 Census
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) An area consisting of one or more counties that contains an urbanized core of over 50,000 residents
Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) A regional MSA that is composed of two or more smaller, constituent MSAs - each of which is called a "Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA)"
Minor Civil Division (MCD) A Census that is only used in 29 states, that that usually (always in Pennsylvania) corresponds to a municipality. "Census County Divisions" are used in the 21 states that don't have MCDs.
Census Tract A small Census unit with approximately 4,000 residents. Used in MSAs and in some other counties. Block Numbering Areas are used where census tracts are not.
Block Groups Smallest unit used in the Census
Tribal Designated Statistical Area A census unit drawn by tribes that do not have a recognized land area.
Housing Unit Method Housing data from the last Census is used as a base. This data is then adjusted using subsequently issued building, demolition, and conversion permits for housing
Ratio Correlation Method Multiple correlation/regression is used to relate population changes to typically four independent variables (which are typically auto registrations, housing units, two-year avg resident births, and jobs covered by unemployment insurance).
Component Method II A simplification of the cohort-component projection technique that estimates migration rates from the number of tax returns filed.
Comparative Method Estimates an area's population based on the historical characteristics and trends of another, similar area.
Ratio / "Step Down" Method An area's population is proportionally derived from projections of a larger region to which the area belongs.
Strategies that planning directors may use in dealing with elected officials:
Technical Expert Strategy The director promotes planning as an objective, politically-neutral, technical tool that decisionmakers can use to help understand issues and make decisions. Presumes that the agency's staff is highly skilled, and that the decisionmakers value tech info
Confidential Adviser Strategy The director establishes relationships with decisionmakers that are largely based on personal trust and a successful track record.
Innovator Strategy Director develops a reputation as a highly visible innovator who often advocates solutions that are bold or that haven't been previously considered. The decisionmakers then develop strategies by observing how the community reacts to the director's ideas.
Created by: jlongabaugh
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