Normal Size Small Size show me how
Agriculture- Unit 5
|What is agriculture?
|The purposeful tending to crops and raising of livestock in order to produce food and fiber.
|What is Mediterranean farming?
|Farming style that works best with dry soil and warm weather.
|What is Dairy farming?
|Farming that is mechanized. Also, the product is used for human consumption.
|What is mixed livestock with crop production?
|The crops that are being grown feed the livestock.
|What is livestock ranching?
|Farming livestock on a large amount of land (Ex. Great Plains)
|What is specialized fruit production?
|Orchards that can be picked by machines or migrant workers(move seasonally).
|What is a truck farm?
|They produce mostly vegetables for the market. They are picked by machine or migrant workers (move seasonally).
|What is a suitcase farm?
|When nobody lives on the farm, so workers must drive to and from work (the farm)everyday.
|What is grain farming?
|Farms that only grow grains.
|Who was Johann Heinrich von Thunen?
|He was a German scientist.
|What was Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|It was a model of how, classically, land use was laid out.
|What was the center of Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|The central city/market
|What was the first layer of Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|Markets and feedlots
|What was the second layer of Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|What was the third layer of Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|What was the fourth layer of Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|What was the fifth layer of Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|Livestock grazing (ranching)
|What was the sixth layer of Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|Other resources (non-agricultural)
|What was the formula for Johann Heinrich von Thunen's model?
|Economic Rent(R)=E(p-a)-Efk Where: E = yield in units per acre p = market price per unit of output a = cost of production per unit per acre f = transport cost per unit per mile k = distance from the market in miles
|What were some assumptions Von Thunen's model based around?
|The city is located centrally within an "Isolated State." Soil quality and climate are consistent. The land is completely flat and has no rivers or mountains.
|How applicable is Von Thunen's model today?
|Partly (Parts of a country are specialized but it doesn't create a perfect circle)
|How has von Thunen’s model been modified?
|It now takes account climate and that a physical feature that alters the environment that not everyone can access
|What is a Federal rectangular grid?
|Plots of land (Ex. Homestead Act)
|What is Township and range?
|Mileage (Ex. Northwest Ordinance)
|What are Metes and bounds?
|When land is laid out based on geographic regions (located in southern US)
|What is a Long lot?
|It divides land into narrow strips back from rivers, roads, or canals.
|What is a nucleated settlement?
|Intense cultivation with homes clustered into a village
|What is a Dispersed settlement?
|Individual farms widely spaced
|What is a Linear village?
|Follows a stream of road
|What is a Cluster village?
|An intersection of roads
|What are the differences in climate regions and agricultural regions?
|There are no differences. They seem to match up.