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Digestive/Nutrition

Chapter 18/19

QuestionAnswer
Where does food enter the digestive tract and carbohydrate digestion begin? Mouth
What is the cone shaped process that hangs from the center of the soft palate and prevents food from entering the nasal cavity? Uvula
What is another term for swallowing? Deglutition
Where are taste buds found? Papillae
What are the 4 main types of teeth? Incisors, Canines, Premolars, Molars
What are teeth made of? Dentin
What are white patches that may form in the mouth of smokeless tobacco users? Leukoplakia
What is a disease of the enamel, dentin, and cementum of the teeth that is also called a cavity? Dental Caries
What is an infection of the gums? Gingivitis
What are the 3 pairs of salivary glands? Parotids, Submandibulars, Sublinguals
Which gland is the largest of the salivary glands? Parotids
What is a viral infection of the parotid duct papilla? Mumps
Saliva contains a digestive enzyme called what? Salivary Amylase
What are the 4 layers of the wall of the digestive tract in order from inside to outside? Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis, Serosa
What layer of the digestive tube is made of visceral peritoneum in the abdominal cavity? Serosa
What is the collapsible tube that extends from the mouth to the stomach? Esophagus
If you were to eat a large meal, which portion of the stomach would be pushing on your diaphragm making it hard to breathe? Fundus
How many layers of smooth muscle are there in the stomach wall? Three
What are the 3 divisions of the stomach? Fundus, Body, Pyloris
What is an inflammation of the stomach? Gastritis
What is an obstructive narrowing of the pyloric sphincter that can be corrected in infancy? Pyloric Stenosis
What are the three divisions of the small intestine? Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
What is inflammation of the small intestine? Enteritis
What is inflammation of both the small intestine and stomach? Gastroenteritis
Where is bile produced? Liver
Which duct drains bile into the small intestine? Common Bile Duct
Which duct drains bile from the gallbladder? Cystic Duct
Where is bile concentrated and stored? Gallbladder
What is the term for the presence of gall stones? Choletlithiasis
What is the surgical removal of the gallbladder? Cholecystectomy
What is inflammation of the liver? Hepatitis
Which digestive organ is considered to be both an exocrine and endocrine gland and secretes enzymes that helps to digest all three major kinds of food? Pancreas
What are the three major kinds of food? Carbs, Proteins, Fats
Which digestive organ absorbs water, salts, and some vitamins? Large Intestine
What are the subdivisions of the large intestine in order? Cecum, Ascending colon, Transverse colon, Descending colon, Sigmoid colon, Rectum, Anal canal
What are loose, watery stools that result from increased intestinal motility? Diarrhea
What is inflammation of the abnormal saclike outpouchings of the intestinal wall? Diverticulitis
What is an autoimmune colitis? Crohn's disease
Created by: ergreen3