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Vocabulary Terms

APHG Unit 1 Test

cartography the science of making maps
contagious diffusion the rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
culture the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together consitute a group of people's distinct tradition
density the frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
diffusion the process or spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
distance-decay the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
distribution the arrangement of something across earth's surface
cultural ecology geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships
environmental determinism the theory that the physical environment causes human activities
expansion diffusion the spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process
formal region an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
functional (or nodal) region an area organized around a node or focal point
Geographic Information System (GIS) a computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
Global Positioning System (GPS) a system that determines the precise position of something on earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers
hiearchical diffusion the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places
hearth the region from which innovative ideas originate
International Date Line an arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross the International Date Line heading east (towards America), the clock moves back 24 hours, or one entire day.
latitude the numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator (0 degrees)
longitude the numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distances east and west of the prime meridian (0 degrees)
Mercator projection this map shows shapes fairly accurately, but not size or distance. It exaggerates land near the poles but lets navigators plot a straight course between any two points
possibilism the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives
Prime Meridian the meridian, designated as 0 degrees longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England
projection the system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map
relocation diffusion the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another
stimulus diffusion the spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected
toponym the name given to a portion of Earth's surface
vernacular region (perceptual region) an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
cultural landscape fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
globalization actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
Robinson projection this map was designed to show land areas much the way they really look. The outlines of the continents appear much as they do on a globe, but the sizes of the continents are a little smaller than they appear on the globe.
remote sensing the aquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite or other long-distance methods
scale the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feture on Earth's surface
site the physical character of a place
situation the location of a place relative to another place
space-time compression the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communication and transportation systems
uneven development the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy
Created by: kaylaroth