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Brain Structures

BIO 208: A&P - Lab: Chap 7, Brain Structures and Functions

Brain StructureFunction
Cerebrum Controls thought, memory, and senses
Cerebellum Maintains muscle tone, balance, and coordination of movement
Brain Stem Medulla Oblongata, Pons, and Midbrain
Medulla Oblongata Contains autonomic centers that control heart rate, respiration, and swallowing
Pons Links Medulla Oblongata and Thalamus. Sleep, respiration, bladder control, equilibrium, posture.
Midbrain Relays information for vision and hearing
Diencephalon Hypothalamus and Thalamus
Anterior Pituitary Secretes growth hormone
Posterior Pituitary Secretes anti-diuretic hormone and oxytocin
Hypothalamus Important autonomic and neuroendocrine control center
Thalamus Gray matter. Recieves auditory, somatosensory, and visual sensory signals. Sleep/wake states.
Optic Chiasma Where optic nerves meet
Optic Nerve Relays visual information to the brain
Olfactory Bulb Relays smell information to the brain from the nose
Ventricles Holds spinal fluid
Spinal Cord Relays information between brain and body
Corpus Callosum Band of tissue that connects the 2 hemispheres of the brain
Gyri Ridges of the cerebrum, increase surface area
Sulci Depressions of the cerebrum, increase surface area
Created by: nke1992