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Chapter 19

Middle Ages

TermDefinition
fjord a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes
missionaries people who are sent by a religions organization to spread the faith
concordat agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country
feudalism political order, under feudalism, nobles governed and protected people in return for services
vassal a low-ranking noble under the protection of a feudal lord
fief a feudal estate belonging to a vassal
knight a mounted man-at-arms serving a lord
chivalry the system, spirit, or customs of medieval knighthood
serf a member of the peasant class tied to the land and subject to the will of the landowner
guild a group of merchants or craftspeople
grand jury a group of citizens that meets to decide whether people should be accused of a crime
trial jury a group of citizens that decides whether an accused person is innocent or guilty
theology the study of religious faith, practice, and experience
scholasticism a way of thinking
vernacular the everyday spoken language of a region
mass religous worhsip service for Catholic Christians
heresy ideas that go against church teachings
anti-Semitism hostility toward or discrimination against Jews
plague a disease that spreads quickly and kills many people
Reconquista the Christian "reconquest" of the Iberian peninsula