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FTCE Professional Education Test

Acculturation The process of a cultural group or individual taking on traits from another culture without loss of cultural identity.
Achievement motivation The generalized tendency to strive for success without extrinsic reward.
Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Required minimum yearly improvement for all public schools and districts toward achievement of state standards by subgroup.
Advance organizers Preview questions and comments that provide structure for new information to be presented to increase learners comprehension.
Affective domain The realm of feelings, emotions and attitudes in people.
Affiliation motive The intrinsic desire to be with others.
Algorithm A set of rules for performing a task.
Alignment Matching learning activities with desired outcomes or matching what is taught with what is tested.
Alternative Education Program An educational program that is provided a setting other than a student's regular classroom. For disruptive students to be separated from other students.
Anecdotal record A written record of a student's progress over time based on a teacher observation with notes.
Anticipation guide a set of statements, some true and some false, that students discuss as a pre-reading activity.
Assertive discipline A classroom management approach that stresses the need for teachers to communicate classroom rules firmly, but without hostility.
Attending behavior Use of verbal and non-verbal cues by listeners that demonstrate they are listening with attention to what is being said.
Authentic Assessment Assessment of a student's performances in real life application tasks.
Automaticity When a task requires little mental effort.
Baseline score A score calculated as a point of comparison with later test scores. Stable indicator of typical performance in content area.
Behavioral learning theory Explanations of learning theory to reduce or eliminate undesirable behavior or to teach new responses.
Between Class ability grouping A system of grouping in which students are assigned to classes according to achievement and abilities.
Bloom's Taxonomy A system that describes six levels of learning: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.
Brain Based Learning Using "Brain-Compatible" strategies for learning based on how the brain works.
Burnout The condition of losing interest and motivation in teaching.
Centration Focusing attention on only one aspect of an object or situation.
Character Education Deliberate instruction in basic virtues or morals.
Child Study Team A team that is assembled when a parent, teacher or other member of the school staff raises concern about a student that warrants study.
Choral Response Response to a question made by the whole class in unison; useful when there is only one correct answer.
Chunking A memory technique in which information is organized into easily memorized subparts.
Classical Conditioning A form of conditioning in which a neutral stimulus (such as a bell in Pavlov's experiment) comes to elicit a response after repeatedly being paired with reinforcement.
Classroom Control The process of influencing student behavior in the classroom.
Closed ended questions Questions that have a limited number of responses.
Cloze Proceedure An open ended assessment method in which a selected word or words are eliminated from a text selection, which the student is instructed to fill in the missing word or words.
Cognitive Dissonance Mental confusion when new information received conflicts with existing understandings.
Cohesiveness The collective feeling that the class members have about the classroom group.
Compensatory Education Federally funded education for disadvantaged students.
Complusory Education Legally state-mandated school attendance for every child between the ages of 6 and 16.
Concrete concepts Concepts that can be perceived directly theough one of the five senses.
Conditioned reinforcers Reinforcers that are learned
Conflict resolution A type of intervention designed to help students resolve conflicts in a mutually agreeable way.
Connectionism A model for how learning occurs that theorizes that knowledge is stored in the brain as a network of connections.
Constructivism A learner-centered approach to teaching that emphasizes teaching for understanding predicated on the concept that students construct knowledge for themselves based on what they already know and by interactions with their environment
Content validity The degree to which the content covered by a measurement device matches the instruction that preceded it.
Continuous reinforcement schedule A reinforcement schedule in which every occurrence of the desired behavior is reinforced.
LY K-12 students enrolled in classes designed for LEP and ELL students
LN K-12 students NOT enrolled in classes designed for LEP and ELL students
LP Grades 4-12 who are aural/oral full English proficient based on testing
LF K-12 grade former LEP/ELL student who left the program within the last two years
LZ K-12 grade former LEP/ELL student who left the program more than two years ago
Convergent questioning When there are a limited number of answers
Divergent Many or very unique answers
Critical thinking Complex thining skills that include the ability to evaluate information, generate insights and reach objective concusions logically.
Created by: Tonpal91
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