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AB rated of a generic drug, rated as bioequivalent to the branded drug by the FDA as shown by an experimental study
Addison disease a life-threatening deficiency of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids that is treated with the daily administration of corticosteroid
alopecia hair loss
anabolic treatment muscle building
androgen hormone that promotes development and maintenance of male characteristics
blastocyst the stage in development at which a fertilized egg has divided into 70-100 cells and is ready to implant, consisting of the inner embryoblast and an outer layer that will become the placenta
chancre small, usually painless, highly infectious ulcer; the primary lesion of syphilis
circadian regularly recurring on a cycles of 24 hours
climacteric the syndrome of endocrine, somatic, and psychic changes occurring at the end of the reproductive period in females
corticosteroid steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex
Cushing disease a disease caused by overproduction of steroids or by excessive administration of corticosteroids over an extended period
Dispense As Written (DAW) instruction in a prescription to prevent substitution of generic drugs for the branded drug
dyspareunia a condition of the female in which normal intercourse is painful
endocrine system glands and other structures that elaborate internal secretions, called hormones, that are released directly into the circulatory system
endometrium the lining of the uterus, which grows in the early part of the menstrual cycle to be ready to receive a fertilized egg and breaks down at the end of the cycle, leading to menstruation
estrogen one of the group of hormones that stimulate the growth of reproductive tissue in females
feedback mechanism the return of some of the output of a system as input so as to exert some control on the process
gestational diabetes diabetes that occurs during pregnancy when insufficient insulin is produced
glucocorticoid corticosteroid involved in metabolism and immune system regulation
gluconeogenesis the process of forming new glucose, in which protein and fatty acids are converted into immediate energy sources
growth hormone (GH) a fundamental hormone that affects metabolism, skeletal growth, and somatic growth; deficiency causes growth retardation
growth hormone releasing factor (GHRF) a neuropeptide secreted by the hypothalamus that stimulates the secretion of growth hormone by the pituitary
gynecomastia excessive development of the male mammary glands, with or without tenderness
HbA1C glycosylated hemoglobin an "average" of the sugar measured in blood glucose over a period of time
hirsutism abnormal hairiness, especially in women
hormone therapy (HT) replacement of deficient hormones such as estrogen
hyperglycemia elevated blood sugar level
hyperthyroidism a condition caused by excessive thyroid hormone and marked by increased metabolic rate; also called thyrotoxicosis
hypoglycemia low blood glucose level (less than 70 mg/dL)
hypogonadism a deficiency of hormone production and secretion
hypothyroidism a deficiency of thyroid activity that results in a decreased metabolic rate, tiredness, and lethargy in adults and causes cretinism in children
impotence failure of the male to initiate or to maintain an erection until ejaculation
mineralocorticoid corticosteroid involved in electrolyte and water balance
oral contraceptive (OCs) a combination of one or more hormonal compounds taken orally to prevent the occurrence of pregnancy
osteoblast a cell that forms bone
osteoclast a cell that resorbs bone
osteoporosis the condition of reduced bone mineral density, disrupted microarchitecture of bone structure, and increased likelihood of fracture
oxytocic agent a drug that promotes contraction of uterine muscle at term of pregnancy
priapism frequent or prolonged, painful penile erections
progestin a synthetic hormone that emulates the effects of progesterone
progesterone the hormone that prepares the uterus for the reception and development of the fertilized ovum
secondary diabetes diabetes caused by drugs
target a cell, tissue, or organ that is affected by a particular hormone
testosterone a hormone that is responsible for sperm production, sexual potency, and the maintenance of muscle mass and strength, among other functions
thyroid gland a gland that produces hormones that stimulate various body tissues to increase their activity level
thyroid storm a life-threatening medical emergency with the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis, but more exaggerated
tocolytic agent a drug that slows labor in pregnancy, used to treat premature labor
type I diabetes insulin-dependent diabetes, in which the pancreas has no ability to produce insulin
type II diabetes a type of diabetes characterized by insulin insufficiency or by the resistance of the target tissues to the insulin produced
vasomotor affecting constriction and dilation of blood vessels
virilization the development of male characteristics
Created by: softcrylic