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alternative medicine use of herbs, dietary supplements, and homeopathic remedies rather than pharmaceuticals
apothecary forerunner of the modern pharmacists; the name also refers to the shop
Black Box warning information printed on a drug package to alert prescribers to potential problems with the drug
Biopharmaceutical a drug produced by recombinant DNA technology
brand name the name under which the manufacturer markets a drug; also known as the trade name
C-I schedule I controlled substance, a drug with the highest potential for abuse, which may be used only for research under a special license
C-II schedule II controlled substance, a drug with a high potential for abuse, for which dispensing is severely restricted and prescriptions may not be refilled
C-III schedule III controlled substance, a drug with a moderate potential for abuse, which can be refilled no more than 5 times in 6 months and only if authorized by the physician for this time period
C-IV schedule IV controlled substance, a drug dispensed under the same restrictions as schedule III but having less potential for abuse
C-V schedule V controlled substance, a drug with a slight potential for abuse; some of which may be sold without a prescription depending on state law, but the purchaser must sign for the drug and show identification
chemical name a name that describes a drug's chemical composition in detail
clinical trial drug testing on humans, used to determine drug safety and efficacy
controlled substance a drug with potential for abuse; organized into five categories or schedules that specify whether and how the drug may be dispensed
double blind study a clinical trial in which neither the trial participants nor the study staff know whether a particular participant is in the control group or the experimental group
drug a medicinal substance or remedy used to change the way a living organism functions; also called a medication
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) the branch of the U.S. Justice Department that is responsible for regulating the sale and use of specified drugs, especially controlled substances
drug sponsor the entity, usually a pharmaceutical company, responsible for testing the efficacy and safety of a drug and proposing the drug for approval
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the agency of the federal government that is responsible for ensuring the safety of drugs and food prepared for the market
generic name a name that identifies a drug independently of its manufacturer; sometimes denotes a drug that is not protected by a trademark; also referred to as a USAN (United States Adopted Name)
homeopathy a system of therapeutics in which diseases are treated by administering minute doses of drugs that, in healthy patients, are capable of producing symptoms like those of the disease being treated
legend drug a drug that may be sold only by prescription and must be labeled "Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription" or "Rx only"
medication guide specific information about certain types of drugs that is required by the FDA to be made available to the patient
New Drug Application (NDA) the vehicle through which drug sponsors formally propose that the FDA approve a new pharmaceutical for sale and marketing in the United States
over-the-counter (OTC) drug a drug that may be sold without a prescription
patent a government grant that gives a drug company the exclusive right to manufacture a drug for a certain number of years; protects the company's investment in developing the drug
pharmacist one who is licensed to prepare and sell or dispense drugs and compounds and to fill rescriptions
pharmacognosy the study and identification of natural sources of drugs
pharmacologic effect the action of a drug on a living system
pharmacology the science of drugs and their interactions with the systems of living animals
pharmacopoeia an official listing of medicinal preparations
pharmacy technician an individual working in a pharmacy who, under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist, assists in activities not requiring the professional judgment of a pharmacist
Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) a national organization that develops pharmacy technician standards and serves as a credentialing agency for pharmacy technicians
pharmakon a Greek word meaning a magic spell, remedy, or poison that was used in early records to represent the concept of a drug
placebo an inactive substance with no treatment value
prophylactic drug a drug that prevents or decreases the severity of a disease
therapeutic drug a drug that relieves symptoms of a disease
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