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Lab #1

Terminology, Body Cavities

QuestionAnswer
Inferior Away from the head (used for the trunk)
Superior Toward the head, higher in location
Anterior More to the front (ventral - belly side)
Posterior More to the back (dorsal - back side)
Medial Toward the midline of a body or structure
Lateral Away from the midline of a body or structure
Lateral Away from the midline of a body or structure
Proximal Nearer to the attachment of an extremity to the body or structure; nearer the point of origin (extremity only)
Distal Further away from the attachment of an extremity or structure (extremity only)
Superficial Toward or on the surface of a structure or body
Deep Away from the surface of a structure or body
Cross (transverse) A section perpendicular to the long axis of a structure or body
Longitudinal A section made parallel to the long axis of a structure or body
Midsagittal A section made parallel to the long axis of a structure of a body
Parasagittal A plane parallel to the midsagittal plane that divides a structure into unequal right and left portions
Coronal (frontal) A longitudinal plane at right angle to the midsagittal, divides a body or structure into dorsal and ventral portions
Oblique (angle) An angled plan anywhere between the horizontal and vertical planes
Epigastric Contains parts of the liver, the stomach and the pancrease
Hypochondriac, right Contains the gallbladder, right lobe of the liver and upper part of the right kidney
Hypochondriac, left Contains the spleen and parts of the stomach, the pancreas, and the left kidney
Umbilical region Contains the midsection of the transverse colon and much of the small intestine
Lumbar, right Contains the ascending colon and parts of the small intestine and right kidney
Lumbar, left Contains parts of the small intestine, descending colon and left kidney
Hypogastric Contains part of the small intestine, part of the sigmoid colon and the urinary bladder
Iliac, right Contains part of the small intestine, the lower end of the cecum and the appendix
Iliac, left Contains part of the small intestine and the junction of the descending and sigmoid parts of the colon
The nose is to the mouth. Superior
The ankle is to the knee. Distal
The hand is to the elbow. Distal
The diaphragm is to the lungs. Inferior
The heart is to the lungs. Dorsal
The ear is to the nose. Transverse
The spinal cord is to the trachea. Posterior
The trachea is to the esophagus. Transverse
The eyes are to the ears and to the nose. transverse, superior
The shoulder is to the ears and to the elbow. Transverse, proximal
The knee is to the foot and to the hip. Proximal, distal
The navel is in the subdivision is of the abdomen. Umbilical
The hypogastric area is to the umbilical and to the iliac areas. Inferior, superior
The heart is to the vertebral column and to the head. Anterior, inferior
Antebrachial Between elbow and wrist
Axillary Arm pit
Oral Mouth
Cephalic Head
Cervical Neck
Costal Ribs
Cubital Elbow
Inguinal Groin area, where leg attaches to torso
Gluteal Buttock
Lumbar Loin, lower back
Pectoral Upper chest
Abdominal From the chest to the hip
Brachial Between the arm pit and elbow
Antecubital Inner elbow (blood draws)
Femoral Thigh
Popliteal Hollow behind knee
Plantar Sole of foot
The cavity containing the stomach is lined with...... Peritoneum
The serous membrane lying closest to the heart is termed the ....... Visceral pericardium
The type of membrane lining the urethra is...... Mucous
The thoracic cavity is lined with while the abdominal cavity is lined with . Parietal pleura, visceral peritoneum
The spleen is covered with.......... Visceral peritoneum
Created by: daydreamer67