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accreditation the stamp of approval of the quality of services of a hospital by the Joint Commission
admitting order a medication order written by a physician on admission of a patient to the hospital; may or may not include a medication order
automated compounding device (ACD) a programmable, automated device to make complex IV preparations such as TPN
automated medication dispensing system (AMDS) a secure, locked storage cabinet of designated drugs on a nursing unit whose software can track the dispensing and administration of each dose of medication to each patient
bar-code point-of-care (BPOC) the use of automation scanning by a nurse at a patient’s bedside to minimize medication administration errors
cart fill list a printout of all unit dose profiles for all patients
computerized prescriber order entry (CPOE) the process of having a prescriber use a handheld device at a patient’s bedside to enter and send medication orders to the pharmacy crash cart a mobile cart that holds necessary drugs for an emergency CPR code
crash cart a mobile cart that holds necessary drugs for an emergency CPR code
daily order a medication order written by a physician to continue treatment; similar to a refill of medication
director of pharmacy the chief executive officer of the pharmacy department
discharge order an order written by a physician that provides take-home instructions, including prescribed medications and doses, for a discharged patient
drug formulary a list of approved medications for use within the hospital; this list is approved by the P&T Committee
electronic medication administration record (eMAR) a record that documents the administration time of each drug to each patient often using bar-code technology
floor stock medications stocked in a secured area on each patient care unit
informed consent written permission by the patient to participate in an IRB-approved research study in terms understandable to the lay public
inpatient drug distribution system a pharmacy system to deliver all types of drugs to a patient in the hospital setting; commonly includes unit dose, repackaged medication, floor stock, and IV admixture and TPN services
Institutional Review Board (IRB) a committee of the hospital that ensures that appropriate protection is provided to patients using investigational drugs; sometimes referred to as the Human Use Committee
Intravenous IV admixture service a centralized pharmacy service that prepares IV and TPN solutions in a sterile, clean room work environment
investigational drugs drugs used in clinical trials that have not yet been approved by the FDA for use in the general population or drugs used for nonapproved indications
Joint Commission an independent, not-for-profit group that sets the standards by which safety and quality of health care are measured and accredits hospitals according to those standards
medical chart a legal document that contains a patient’s demographics and room number as well as all orders written by the healthcare team
medication administration record (MAR) a form in the patient medical chart used by nurses to document the administration time of all drugs
medication order a prescription written in the hospital setting
medication special a single dose preparation not commercially available that is repackaged and made for a particular patient
patient profile the documentation that provides the information necessary to prepare the unit doses, including patient name and location, medication and strength, frequency or schedule of administration, and quantity for each order
Pharmacy and Therapeutics (P&T) Committee a committee of the hospital that reviews, approves, and revises the hospital's formulary of drugs and maintains the drug use policies of the hospital
pick station an area of the inpatient pharmacy that houses frequently prescribed formulary drugs in commercially available unit dose packaging, thus allowing efficient medication cart filling
Policy & Procedure (P&P) manual a written, step-by-step set of instructions for pharmacists and technicians alike on all operations within the pharmacy department
repackaging control log a form used in the pharmacy when drugs are repackaged from manufacturer stock bottles to unit doses
Schedule II drug administration record a manual or electronic form on the patient care unit to account for each dose of each narcotic administered to a patient
standing order a preapproved list of instructions, including specific medications and doses, commonly written after surgery or a procedure
stat order a medication order that is to be filled and sent to the patient care unit immediately
total parenteral nutrition (TPN) a specially formulated parenteral solution that provides nutritional needs intravenously to a patient who cannot or will not eat
unit dose an amount of a drug that has been prepackaged or repackaged for a single administration to a particular patient at a particular time
unit dose cart a movable storage unit that contains individual patient drawers of medication for all patients on a given nursing unit
unit dose label directions for use on a patient-specific medication order
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