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Chapter 3-5 Study

AP & Med Terms Chapter 3-5 Test Study

Kyphosis Outward curvature of thoracic spine. Humpback
Lordosis Inward curvature of lumbar spine. Swayback
Scoliosis Lateral curvature of spine.
What are the parts of the integumentary system? Hair, nails, skin, sweat glands, sebaceous glands.
What are the three layers of the skin? Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous.
What is in the dermis? Blood vesicles
What is the term for freckle or birthmark? Macule
What is the medical term for sweat glands? Apocrine glands
What is the term for a black or blue mark? ecchymosis
What is a first degree burn? Damage to epidermis, redness, minor swelling.
What is a second degree burn? Damage to epidermis and dermis, blisters, edema.
What is a third degree burn? Epidermis & dermis burned away, charred, no pain.
What is sebum? Where is it produced? Oil. Sebaceous gland.
What are the main parts of the axel skeleton? Head & trunk
What are the main parts of the appendicular skeleton? extremities
Closed fracture No open skin.
Compound Fracture skin has been broken through.
Complete Fracture Clean Break.
Comminuted Fracture bone is shattered, splintered or crushed.
Greenstick Fracture incomplete fracture, one side broken & one side bent, most common in children.
# of vertebrae in cervical spine? 7
# of vertebrae in thoracic spine? 12
# of vertebrae in lumbar spine? 5
Most common joint in the body? Synovial
What is arrhythmia? Irregular heartbeat.
What is the difference between arteries and veins? Arteries - Thick walled, Carries blood AWAY from heart. Veins - Carries blood TOWARD heart.
Another name for bicuspid valve? Mitral valve
A record of the electrical current of the heart is called a? Electrocardiogram
Another name for stress test? Treadmill
Where does the left atrium get its blood from? Pulmonary vein
What is systemic circulation/circuit? Oxygenated blood by arteries.
What is pulmonary circulation/circuit? Deoxygenated blood by veins.
which artery supplies blood to the heart? Coronary artery.
Name of the node that regulates the beat of the heart (pacemaker)? Sinoatrial node
Oxygen exchange takes place in what type of vessel? Capillaries
The largest organ in the body is? Skin
Skin can weigh more than _____ lbs in an adult. 20
arthr/o Joint
cost/o Rib
derm/o Skin
-dynia Pain
HTN Hypertension
myel/o bone marrow
onych/o Nail
orth/o Straight
pil/o Hair
-rraphy Suture
seb/o Oil
burs/o Sac
Created by: jlawrence4717