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Stufflet Unit 14 Eur

Unit 14 Euro

TermDefinition
Wilhelm II German emperor (Kaiser) whose militarism helped cause the First World War
Otto von Bismarck German chancellor who unified Germany in 1871; dismissed by the new German Kaiser in 1890
Weltpolitik refers to Germany's attempt to become a world power with its navy; means "world politics"
Realpolitik refers to Bismarck's attempt to use practical political considerations in foreign policy and domestic policy
Diplomatic Revolution re-alignment of alliances from 1890-1914 that caused France, Russia, and Great Britain to form the Triple Entente
Reinsurance Treaty of 1887 alliance between Germany and Russia that isolated France and prevented Germany from fighting two-front war
Dreadnoughts big-gun battleships
Alfred von Tirpitz German naval theorist who called for a large German navy that would challenge Britain for world power
Triple Entente World War I alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia
Triple Alliance World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Serbs ethnic group in the Balkans who were the primary nationalist agitators against Austro-Hungarian rule
Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne assassinated in Sarajevo in June 1914
Gavrilo Princip assassin of Austro-Hungarian archduke
Franz Joseph Emperor of Austria-Hungary
July Crisis diplomatic crisis that led to the start of World War I
blank check term to describe the idea that Germany urged Austria-Hungary to be aggressive toward Serbia after the Archduke's assassination
Schlieffen Plan German war plan that called for an attack through Belgium into France
total war the concept that the entire population of a nation should be mobilized for a war
Easter Rebellion Irish nationalist rebellion of 1916 put down by the British
Karl Liebknecht radical German socialist; murdered in aftermath of WWI by right-wing Germans
Rosa Luxemburg radical female German socialist; murdered in aftermath of WWI by right-wing Germans
Nicholas II Russian tsar; murdered by Bolsheviks in 1917
Rasputin "holy man" who influenced Russian empress during war; murdered by Russian aristocracy
Alexander Kerensky moderate liberal leader of the 1st Russian Revolution that resulted in tsar's abdication
Vladimir Lenin radical Bolshevik leader of the 2nd Russian Revolution (October Revolution)
Leon Trotsky Bolshevik military leader of Petrograd Soviet; later organized Red Army
Petrograd Soviet workers council of St Petersburg
Bolsheviks radical socialist revolutionaries of Russian Revolution
Treaty of Brest Litovsk treaty that ended WWI on eastern front between Germany and Russia
David Lloyd George British prime minister at Versailles Peace Conference
Georges Clemenceau French leader at Versailles Peace Conference
Versailles Treaty treaty that ended the First World War
Balfour Declaration British promise to give part of Palestine to Jews for a homeland
Fourteen Points Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace following WWI
League of Nations international organization that would help prevent another war; the most important point in Wilson's peace plan
Created by: stufflsb