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Enlisted History Chapter 1

When the first shots of the Great War were fired in Europe in August 1914, the entire air arm of the United States Armed Forces consisted of: the 1st Aero Squadron
in 1914, the 1st Aero Squadron had a dozen officers, 54 enlisted men, and 6 aircraft. By the end of 1915, the squadron counted 44 officers, 224 enlisted men, and 23 airplanes. By 1916, a second aero squadron was added, assigned to duty in _______. the Philippine Islands
n October 1916, plans were laid for 24 squadrons: 7 to serve with the regular Army, 12 with the National Guard, and 5 for coastal defense, supplementing balloon units for the field and coast artillery. How many aircraft was each squadron scheduled to have a dozen
All 24 squadrons were formed by early 1917, but only _______ was/were fully equipped, manned, and organized when the United States declared war on Germany the 1st Aero Squadron
By April 1917, the U.S. Army Aviation Section consisted of 131 officers, 1,087 enlisted men, and fewer than 250 airplanes. The Army's poor state of preparedness was due to all of these answers
Most of all, the Aviation Section needed _______. mechanics
the Aviation Section began training mechanics and others at a number of special schools and technical institutions. The two largest were in St Paul MN and at Kelly Field TX
the General Headquarters (GHQ) Air Force had begun a massive expansion program. The Air Corps planned to have _______ by 1941 which would require greatly enhanced manpower, training, and equipment 24 operational combat-ready groups
In 1938, when the United States first took seriously the signs of war in Europe, the Army's air arm was still split into two cumbersome command organizations the Army Air Corps and GHQ Air Force
Congress passed the first peacetime conscription law in U.S. history in _______. 1940
From 1939 until 1941, the concept of training did not change drastically, but the scale did. Training centers: expanded and multiplied
From 1939 until 1941, training centers expanded and multiplied. The air corps could not build housing fast enough or find qualified instructors in sufficient numbers to keep up with the pace. Army officials turned to _______ to help meet the demand. private schools
More than _______ enlisted Airmen served in the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) during WWII, the largest war ever. 2 million
Although a former 8th Air Force gunner estimated "it took an average of about 30 men to support a bomber", the ratio of support personnel required to keep planes in the air was probably closer to: 70 men to 1 airplane
Women served with distinction in the U.S. Army Air Force, replacing men who could then be reassigned to combat and other vital duties. The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was created in _______. May 1942
Women served with distinction in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), replacing men who could then be reassigned to other vital duties. Top priority for assignment of WAACs was to serve: at aircraft warning service stations
The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was created in May, 1942. In the spring of 1943, the WAAC became: the Women's Army Corps (WAC)
On 11 May 1949, Air Force Letter 35.3 was published, mandating that: black Airmen be screened for reassignment to formerly all-white units according to qualifications
USAAF enlisted crews flew thousands of combat missions during WWII but two missions over Japan in August 1945 changed the world: the Enola Gay dropped the first nuclear bomb on Hiroshima and the Bock's Car dropped a second bomb on Nagasaki
n 1945, the Big Three, met to discuss the postwar division of Europe. The meeting did not go well, but it did lay the foundation for what would become: the United Nations (UN)
June 1946, a UN-appointed commission completed a plan for the elimination of nuclear weapons based on inspectors who would ensure no country was making atomic bombs. Unfortunately, the plan was vetoed by _______. the Soviet Union
June 1946, a UN-appointed commission completed a plan for the elimination of nuclear weapons based on inspectors who would ensure no country was making atomic bombs. Unfortunately, the plan was vetoed by the Soviet Union, resulting in: almost five decades of cold war
By 1950, most U.S. air strength in the Pacific was in Japan. Although the Far East Air Forces claimed more than 400 aircraft in Japan, Guam, Korea, and the Philippines, the numbers were misleading because: the force consisted largely of F-80 jets which did not have the range necessary to reach Korea
During the Korean War, the first aerial combat between the United States and North Korea took place on 27 June 1950 over _______. Kimpo
The first aerial combat between the United States and North Korea took place over Kimpo on 27 June 1950. On 29 June, _______, a B-26 gunner, shot down a North Korean YaK-3, the first such victory recorded during the war. Staff Sergeant Nyle S. Mickley
On 27 September 1950, President Truman authorized U.S. forces to pursue the beaten Army _______. north of the 38th parallel
9 November 1950, Corporal Harry LaVene of the 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, scored the first B-29 victory over a jet by downing a MiG-15. LaVene's victory was the first of ___ MiGs shot down by B-29 gunners during the course of the Korean war. 27
During the Korean War, this tail gunner, on an Okinawa-based B-29, shot down two MiGs on 12 April 1951, a feat unmatched by any other gunner. Sergeant Billie Beach
In 1959, Fidel Castro overthrew the dictator of Cuba and instituted a socialist dictatorship which resulted in hundreds of thousands of Cubans fleeing their island. In 1961, President Kennedy, in an attempt to install a pro-U.S. government in Cuba: authorized the Bay of Pigs invasion
In 1962, after the failure of the U.S.-supported Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuba began constructing intermediate and medium-range ballistic missile complexes on the island with help from _______. the Soviet Union
In the event an invasion of Cuba became necessary, America's Air Force made preparations. What actions were taken? all of these answers
President Kennedy and his advisors debated the most effective course of action to take in response to Cuba's ballistic missile complexes. Many on the Joint Chiefs of Staff favored invasion but Kennedy took the less drastic step of _______. imposing a naval blockade of the island
The Cuban conflict was resolved when the United States agreed not to invade Cuba in exchange for removal of Soviet missiles from the island. Secretly, the United States also agreed to remove American missiles from _______. Turkey
The Cuban Missile Crisis brought the world dangerously close to nuclear war. What deterred nuclear war with the USSR and convinced the Soviets to remove the nuclear weapons from Cuba? the strategic and tactical power of the U.S. Air Force coupled with the will and ability to use it
The Truman Administration did not pursue total victory in Korea because it wanted to: maintain U.S. defensive emphasis on Western Europe
In the 1950s, the United States' involvement in Vietnam began as a cold war operation. Vietnam was essentially: a French battle
the post WWII policy of containment of communism prompted President Truman to intervene and on 3 August 1950, the first contingent of the U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) arrived in _______. Saigon
By 1952, the United States supplied _______ of the cost of the French military effort in Vietnam even as it became apparent that the French were losing heart. one-third
31 January 1954 to dispatch 300 Airmen to service aircraft at Tourane and Do Son Airfield near Haiphong because: French air units were seriously undermanned
As the Air Force presence in Viet Nam increased in the early 1960s, so did the need for support personnel. Priorities included: construction of airfields and barracks and intelligence gathering
On 7 February 1965, the Viet Cong attacked Camp Holloway near Pleiku, killing eight Americans. The President responded with a series of strikes against military barracks near Dong Hoi in North Vietnam, and other targets, in an operation named: Flaming Dart
Beginning in March 1965, this campaign of airstrikes against targets in the northern half of the country was the first sustained bombing campaign of the war against North Vietnam, lasting through 1968. (1.9.1.) Rolling Thunder
About 10,000 Air Force personnel served in Vietnam in May 1965, doubling by the end of the year. As 1968 drew to a close, _______ Airmen served in the country. 58,000
In 1972, this B-52 tail gunner shot down an enemy MiG, the first of only two confirmed shoot-downs by enlisted Airmen during the war Staff Sergeant Samuel Turner
only two confirmed shoot-downs by enlisted Airmen during the war. Credit for the fifth overall MiG-21 kill during Linebacker II also went to an enlisted member: Airman First Class Albert E. Moore
This 3d Security Police Squadron member earned the Silver Star for helping defend Bien Hoa during the North Vietnamese Tet Offensive of 1968. Staff Sergeant William Piazza
President Nixon announced an end to U.S. combat in Southeast Asia as a primary goal of his administration and charged the Secretary of Defense with making Vietnamization of the war a top priority
Enlisted Airmen played key roles in Vietnamization, especially in training Vietnamese operational and training crews. As the Vietnamese took over air operations, the nation's air force grew to become: (1.10.2.) the fourth largest in the world
Communist forces crossed the demilitarized zone. In response, President Nixon ordered harbors mined and peace talks broke down completely. What motivated the North Vietnamese to resume negotiations? Linebacker II
President Nixon ordered 11 days of intensive bombing of Vietnamese cites, with B-52s from Andersen AFB, Guam. This operation was named _______. (1.10.3.) Linebacker II
the United States was committed to withdrawal and on 29 March 1973, the last U.S. troop left the country. However, fighting continued until: the president of South Vietnam resigned
The history of humanitarian airlift by U.S. Armed Forces is almost as old as the history of flight itself. One of the first known uses of an aircraft to render assistance was: aircraft from Kelly Field TX dropped food to victims of a Rio Grande flood in 1919
An example of the US Armed Forces flying humanitarian missions is: all of these answers
Army aircraft flew humanitarian missions to foreign nations before the establishment of the United States Air Force. What operation delivered food to hungry people in the Netherlands in 1945? Operation Chowhound
Humanitarian efforts continued after the Air Force became a separate service and through the ensuing decades. During this operation, in 1956 and 1957, the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) airlifted over 10,000 Hungarian refugees to the United States. Operation Safe Haven I and II
In 1956 and 1957, the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) airlifted over 10,000 Hungarian refugees to the United States. This humanitarian operation was known as: Operation Safe Haven I and II
May 1960, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, avalanches, and tidal waves ripped through southern Chile, leaving nearly 10,000 people dead and a quarter of a million homeless. This operation airlifted over 1,000 tons of material to the stricken area. "Amigos Airlift"
In 1975, following the fall of Cambodia and South Vietnam to communist forces, these operations airlifted more than 50,000 refugees to the United States. all of these answers
This airlift, comprised of Operations Babylift, New Life, Frequent Wind, and New Arrivals, was the largest aerial evacuation in history. Where did it occur? Cambodia and South Vietnam
Aside from the Vietnamese evacuation of the 1970s and the Berlin airlift in the late 1940s, the most significant humanitarian airlift operations took place in the _______. 1990s
Aside from the Vietnamese evacuation of the 1970s and the Berlin airlift in the late 1940s, the most significant humanitarian airlift operations took place in the 1990s. An example is: all of these answers
In response to the unfolding human tragedy, this operation provided more than 7,000 tons of blankets, tents, and food to the displaced Kurds, and airlifted thousands of refugees and medical personnel. Operation Provide Comfort
The humanitarian airlift operation, in which the Air Force airlifted 3,000 tons of supplies to Bangladesh, following a 1991 typhoon, was known as _______. Operation Sea Angel
The humanitarian operation in 1992 and 1993 that provided 6,000 tons of food, medicine, and other cargo to republics of the former Soviet Union was named: Operation Provide Hope
In October 1983, a military coup on the tiny Caribbean island nation of Grenada aroused U.S. attention and ultimately led to: Operation Urgent Fury
Why did President Reagan order the invasion of Grenada during Operation Urgent Fury? to avoid a repetition of the Iranian hostage crisis
Grenada veteran, Sergeant Charles Tisby, a loadmaster on a C-130 aircraft, received recognition for: saving the life of an unidentified paratrooper
In 1969, a group of junior military officers led by Muammar Qadhafi overthrew the pro-Western Libyan Arab monarchy. By the mid-1980s, this nation was one of the leading sponsors of worldwide terrorism. Libya
He sponsored terrorist training camps within Libya and supplied funds, weapons, logistical support, and safe havens for numerous terrorist groups. Muammar Qadhafi
Between January 1981 and April 1986, terrorists worldwide killed over 300 Americans and injured hundreds more. With National Security Decision Directive 138, signed on 3 April 1984, President Reagan established, in principle: a policy of preemptive and retaliatory strikes against terrorists
On 27 December 1985, terrorists attacked passengers in the Rome and Vienna airports and there was strong evidence that connected Libya to the incident. What was the U.S. response? all of these answers
On 27 December 1985, terrorists attacked passengers in the Rome and Vienna airports and there was strong evidence that connected Libya to the incident. Why didn't the U.S. administration order retaliatory strikes against Libya? it did not have sufficient proof
President Reagan authorized an air strike against Libya and attempted to obtain support from European allies. Which governments denied permission to fly over their countries? France and Spain
Despite a round trip of almost 6,000 miles, the air strike against Libya authorized by President Reagan in response to the bombing of a Berlin discotheque was successful and losses were limited to: one F-111F crew
In 1989, after Noriega intensified his harassment against his own people, President George H. W. Bush ordered the invasion of Panama in an operation named Operation Just Cause
All four branches of the U.S. Armed Forces played a role in Operation Just Cause. On the first night of the operation, 84 aircraft flying 500 feet above the ground dropped nearly 5,000 troops, the largest nighttime airborne operation since _______ WWII
The first use of night vision goggles by Air Force personnel during a contingency occurred during: Operation Just Cause in Panama
Operation Just Cause involved more than 250 aircraft and was the largest and most complex air operation since _______. Vietnam
Operation Just Cause was the largest and most complex air operation since Vietnam and involved more than 250 aircraft. American forces eliminated organized resistance in just: 6 days
After the invasion of Panama, Manuel Noriega surrendered on 3 January 1990 and was flown to _______ to face trial. Miami, FL
The invasion of the small, oil-rich nation of Kuwait put Iraq, with the fourth largest Army in the world, on the doorstep of Saudi Arabia with its vast petroleum reserves. If the Saudis also fell to Iraq: Saddam Hussein would control 50 percent of the world's oil
This operation was a massive military buildup in Saudi Arabia near the border of Iraq, aimed first at deterring Saddam Hussein from aggression against the Saudis and then to prepare the way for a counterinvasion, if necessary. Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm began in January 1991 when Saddam Hussein missed the final deadline to withdraw his troops from Kuwait
On 15 January 1991, when Saddam Hussein missed the final deadline to withdraw his troops from Kuwait, Operation Desert Storm began. Within the first _______ of Desert Storm, the air war was essentially won. 24 hours
_______ was a key to the Desert Storm air campaign success. Maintenance
On 28 February 1991, scarcely 48 hours after the air war ended and the land invasion took center stage, Iraq surrendered to the coalition. The war had lasted just _______. 43 days
On 28 February 1991, Iraq surrendered to the coalition. In the 43-day war, the Air Force was, for the first time in modern combat, the equal partner of land and sea power. Within 6 months, what significant change in military policy took place? both A and B
What circumstances led to the Iraqi Kurds becoming refugees and requiring assistance? the Kurds launched an uprising and then fled Iraq when the rebellion was defeated
In 1991, Operation Provide Comfort was organized to help _______. Iraqi Kurds
After 1993, Saddam Hussein rarely challenged coalition aircraft patrolling the no-fly zones, but U.S. units remained wary. On 14 April 1994, what tragedy occurred as two American F-15s patrolled the northern no-fly zone? they misidentified two UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters as hostile and shot them down
Operation Provide Comfort was organized to help Iraqi Kurds. Phase II of Operation Provide Comfort ended in December 1996, thanks largely to: infighting among Kurdish factions vying for power
When one Kurdish group accepted Iraqi backing to drive another from the northern Iraqi city of Irbil, U.S. transports participating in this operation airlifted many displaced Kurds to safe areas in Turkey. Operations Quick Transit I, II, and III
Operations Quick Transit I, II, and III airlifted many Kurds to Turkey while Operation Pacific Haven airlifted 7,000 refugees to Guam for settlement in _______. the United States
Operation Northern Watch, which began 1 January 1997 with an initial mandate of 6 months, succeeded Operation Provide Comfort. Operation Northern Watch officially ended 17 March 2003, 2 days before: Operation Iraqi Freedom began
On 26 August 1992, to discourage renewed Iraqi military activity near Kuwait, President George H. W. Bush announced a no-fly zone in southern Iraq in support of United Nations Security Council Resolution 688, _______. Operation Southern Watch
President Bush announced a no-fly zone in southern Iraq in support of United Nations Security Council Resolution 688, Operation Southern Watch. This resolution protected: Shiite Muslims under aerial attack from the Iraqi regime in the aftermath of Operation Desert Storm
President George H. W. Bush announced a no-fly zone in southern Iraq. The Iraqi regime complied with the restrictions of the no-fly zone until 27 December 1992 when: F-16s shot down one Iraqi MiG-25 and chased a second aircraft back across the border
In June 1993, the United States launched cruise missile strikes against the Iraq Intelligence Service Headquarters in Baghdad as retaliation for: the planned assassination of former President George Bush during an April 1993 visit to Kuwait
The United States responded with Operation _______, the introduction of thousands of additional U.S. Armed Forces personnel into the theater. Vigilant Warrior
What operation became the United States Air Force test of the Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF) concept in October 1995 when a composite unit temporarily replaced a Navy Carrier air wing leaving the gulf area? Operation Southern Watch
President Clinton expanded the Operation Southern Watch no-fly zone to _______, just south of Baghdad. The expansion meant that most of Iraqi airspace fell into no-fly zones. the 33d parallel
One of the most important improvements in both flying operations and the quality of life for members resulted directly from the 1996 bombing at Khobar Towers, Dhahran Air Base because: the Air Force reorganized security police units into new groups and squadrons that trained in all aspects of force protection
Operation Southern Watch officially ended in _______. August 2003
in 1992. To relieve the suffering of refugees near the Kenya-Somalia border and then Somalia itself, the United States initiated Operation _______ in August 1992. Provide Relief
First the UN, then the United States, attempted to alleviate the problems in Somalia. In September, the United States initiated Operation _______ to airlift hundreds of Pakistani soldiers under the UN banner to Somalia. Impressive Lift
Despite increased security from UN forces, the problems continued. On 4 December 1992, President Bush authorized _______ to establish order in the country so that food could reach those in need. Operation Restore Hope
In March 1993, the UN once again assumed control of the mission and Operation Restore Hope officially ended 4 May 1993. Unfortunately, the relief effort unraveled again due to: factional fighting within the country
What prompted Operation Restore Hope II, the airlifting of 1,700 U.S. troops and 3,100 tons of cargo into Mogadishu between 5 and 13 October 1993? losses sustained on 3 and 4 October in Mogadishu
Operation Restore Hope II was: the airlifting of 1,700 US troops and 3,100 tons of cargo into Mogadishu in October 1993
Operation Uphold Democracy occurred in _______. Haiti
The United States decided to intervene in Haiti on 8 September 1994. The U.S. Atlantic Command developed two different Operation Uphold Democracy plans: one for forcible entry and the other for passive entry
What caused the mission to change from an invasion to insertion of a multinational peacekeeping force? a diplomatic proposal offered by former President Carter persuaded the military leader in Haiti to relinquish control
During Operation Uphold Democracy, what was a major indicator of the flexibility airpower offers U.S. military and political leaders in fulfilling foreign policy objectives? the successful adaptation to a last-minute change in mission, from military invasion force to airlifting peacekeeping troops
On 3 July 1992, the United States designated operations in support of the UN airlift as _______ and USAFE C-130s began delivering food and medical supplies. Operation Provide Promise
Operation Provide Promise and USAFE C-130s began delivering food and medical supplies. Most U.S. Air Force missions flew out of _______. Rhein-Main AB, Germany
C-130s from the 435th and 317th Airlift Wings flew the initial missions, but over the course of the operation, _______ rotated from the United States on 3-week deployments all of these answers
Operation _______, took place in December 1993 when C-130s dropped 50 tons of toys and children's clothes and shoes over Sarajevo. Provide Santa
On 14 December 1995, the warring factions in Bosnia signed peace accords at: Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio
How long did Operation Provide Promise, the UN airlift providing aid to Sarajevo, last? 3 1/2 years
The operation that was an effort to limit the war in Bosnia through the imposition of a no-fly zone over the country was named NATO Operation Deny Flight
On 28 February 1994, NATO aircraft scored the first aerial combat victories in its 45-year history: two U.S. Air Force F-16s intercepted six Bosnian Serb jets and shot down four
Despite its actions, Operation Deny Flight did not stop the Bosnian Serb attacks or effectively limit the war in Bosnia. Examples of Bosnian Serb resistance are: all of these answers
Operation Deliberate Force served notice to Bosnian Serb forces that _______. they would be held accountable for their actions
This operation served notice to Bosnian Serb forces that they would be held accountable for their actions and delivered airstrikes not only against targets around Sarajevo, but also against Bosnian Serb targets throughout Bosnia. Deliberate Force
This operation marked the first campaign in aerial warfare where precision munitions outweighed conventional bombs. Deliberate Force
The Deliberate Force air campaign achieved the desired results. On 14 September, the Serbs agreed to NATO terms and the bombing stopped. Operation Deliberate Force officially ended 21 September 1995 with the signing of peace accords: in Paris
Operation Deliberate Force officially ended 21 September 1995 with the December signing in Paris of peace accords among the warring parties. This operation, whose mission was to implement the agreements, replaced it in 1996. Operation Joint Endeavor
The conclusion of Operations Deliberate Force and Deny Flight did not mean the end to strife in the region. Operation Allied Force was brought about in response to: the Serbian government oppressing its ethnic Albanian population in Kosovo
Named Operation Allied Force, NATO leaders hoped a few days of airstrikes would force Milosevic to capitulate. Instead, it took _______ for NATO to secure its objective. 78 days and more than 38,000 sorties
The primary factor in the conclusion of Operation Allied Force was: NATO's unity and resolve
The Air Force responded quickly to the attacks on 11 September 2001 with Operation Noble Eagle which: patrolled the skies of America
American fighter aircraft began combat air patrols in the skies of America in support of Operation Noble Eagle. More than 80 percent of the pilots flying Noble Eagle missions belonged to: the ANG
The U.S. response to the attacks on 11 September 2001 consisted of: Operations Noble Eagle and Enduring Freedom
Enduring Freedom would take the fight to the nation's enemies overseas, most notably Afghanistan, an impoverished country where the U.S. focus was twofold: both A and B
When the Taliban, Afghanistan's ruling government, refused President George W. Bush's demand that suspected terrorists be turned over and all terrorist training camps closed, the President ordered U.S. forces to the region. Deployed aircraft included: all of these answers
Operation Anaconda in Afghanistan is also referred to as _______. both A and B
The infamous tragedy known as the Battle of Robert's Ridge was the result of a chain of events that began when: al Qaeda soldiers fired on an MH-47E helicopter causing a Navy SEAL to fall to the ground
In the early morning hours of 4 March 2002, on a mountaintop called Takur Ghar in southeastern Afghanistan, al Qaeda soldiers fired on an MH-47E helicopter causing a Navy SEAL to fall to the ground, and a chain of events ensued culminating in: all of these answers
Operation Iraqi Freedom began after: Saddam Hussein and his sons refused to leave Iraq
Focusing on the psychological destruction of the enemy's will to fight rather than the physical destruction of the opposing military force is the concept of _______. "Shock and Awe"
On 8 April 2003, this Airman, a combat controller, was the first Air Force member killed in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Staff Sergeant Scott Sather
As U.S. forces took Baghdad, the British took Basra, control of which was essential for: delivering humanitarian aid
In a speech delivered on 2 May 2003 aboard the _______, President Bush announced victory in Iraq. aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln
When the engagement was over, Whalen insisted that all other wounded be evacuated first so he could keep control of the close air support. For his actions, TSgt Whalen was awarded the _______. Silver Star
The training has become longer and added a deployment phase. In 2005 this deployment phase, was called the BEAST
It places trainees in an environment similar to those encountered when deployed. In addition to tackling the BEAST and the massive obstacle courses, other training includes: all of these answers
Although the bombing of Khobar towers in 1996 was a tragedy, it did produce one positive result: Airmen are much more prepared in 2012 as a result of lessons learned at Khobar Towers
The raid resulted in two enemy kills, 10 enemy apprehensions and the destruction of their weapons. As a result of this action he became one of the first six recipients of the Combat Action medal and received the Bronze Star with Valor for his actions SMSgt Ramon Colon-Lopez
Because of budget constraints, the USAF reduced the size of the active duty force in 2007 to roughly _______ of that of the USAF at the end of the Gulf War in 1991. 64%
These three Combat Controllers were essential to victory when two of them helped Iraqi police arrest members of the "Soldiers of Heaven" sect and unexpectedly became involved in a battle against 800 insurgents. TSgt Bryan Patton, SSgt David Orvosh, and SSgt Ryan Wallace
On 24 October 2008 the USAF established the nuclear-focused Air Force Global Strike Command. This was a result of: two incidents involving mishandling of nuclear weapons and the declining Air Force nuclear mission focus and performance
Congress passed a bill that set a deadline for troop withdrawal, but President Bush vetoed it. Later, U.S. Forces were ordered to withdraw from Iraq by 31 December 2011 under the terms of a bilateral agreement signed in 2008 by: President Bush
The War in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, as the armed forces of the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and the Afghan United Front (Northern Alliance) launched Operation _______. Enduring Freedom
The United States' longest running war is/was: the war in Afghanistan
President Barack Obama's exit strategy from Afghanistan that calls for an end to combat operations next year and the withdrawal of the U.S.-led international military force by: the end of 2014
Since the beginning of wartime operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, 20 Civil Engineering Explosive (EOD) Airmen have made the ultimate sacrifice by protecting U.S., coalition forces, and civilians from the enemy's weapon of choice: the Improvised Explosive Device or IED
Air power has evolved from an ineffective oddity to the dominant form of military might. Its applications and effectiveness have increased with each succeeding conflict; in WWI air power played a minor role, in _______ it played the only role. Kosovo
Created by: bigbadbeets09
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