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Chapters 3, 4 & 5

parts of the integumentary system skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, subaceous glands
3 layers of the skin dermis, epidermis, subcutaneous(sub-q)
macule freckle or birthmark
sudoriferous gland medical term for sweat gland
ecchymosis black or blue mark
1st degree burn superficial - red skin
2nd degree burn partial thickness - blistered skin
3rd degree burn full thickness - charred skin
sebum thick oily substance made in dermis layer
lordosis forward curvature
kyphosis outward curvature
scoliosis lateral curvature
axial skeleton parts head, neck, spine, chest, trunk
appendicular skeleton parts pectoral girdle, upper extremities, pelvic girdle, lower extremities
closed (simple) fracture no open skin
compound (open) fracture open skin wound
complete fracture straight across bone
comminuted fracture bone is shattered
greenstick fracture incomplete break
arrhythmia irregular heartbeat
alopecia loss of hair
aneurysm weakness in wall of artery
anhidrosis no sweat
arthralgia pain in joints
arthr/o joint
arthritis joint inflammation
arthrodesis stiffening of a joint to provide stability
arthroscopy examination of interior joint
bx biopsy
biopsy piece of tissue removed by syringe & needle, knife, punch or brush to examine under a microscope.
bradycardia slow heart rate
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
cost/o rib
cyanosis bluish skin, deoxygenated blood
dermatome instrument for cutting skin
derm/o skin
-dynia pain
erythema redness or flushing of skin
erythroderma red skin
fibrillation abnormal quivering
fibromyalgia pain in muscles & soft tissue
HTN hypertension
jaundice yellow cast to skin
keloid raised scar
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
myocardial infarction heart attack
necrosis dead tissue
onchy/o nail
orth/o straight
orthopediest dr. that prevents or corrects injuries or disorders of the skeletal system
pericardium double-walled outer sac around heart
physiatrist dr. specializing in physical medicine
pil/o hair
podiatrist Dr. Specializing in disorders of the feet and lower legs
pulse expansion and contraction produced by blood as it moves through artery
rickets deficiency in calcium and Vitamin D
-rrhaphy suture
stenosis Abnormal narrowing
Tachycardia rapid heart rate
venipuncture a puncture into a vein in order to remove blood for a diagnostic test
albin/o white
bi/o life
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
diaphor/o profuse sweating
electr/o electricity
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
ichthy/o scaly, dry
kerat/o hard, horny
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
nechr/o death
onchy/o nail
pil/o hair
phot/o light
py/o pus
rhytid/o wrinkle
scler/o hard
seb/o oil
trich/o hair
ungu/o nail
vesic/o bladder
xer/o dry
allo- other, different from usual
xeno- strange, foreign
epidermis thin, outer membrane layer
dermis middle, fibrous connective tissue layer
subcutaneous (sub-q)(hypodermis) inner most layer of fatty tissue (fascia)
melanocytes special cells that produce pigment
intradermal within skin
dermatitis inflammation of skin
dermatologist skin specialist
melanoma black tumor
necrosis abnormal condition of death
contusion injury caused by a blow; causes swelling, pain, bruising
diaphoresis profuse sweating
hirsutism excessive hair growth
petechiae spots from minute hemorrhages under skin
purpura skin hemorrhage due to fragile blood vessels
cyst fluid-filled sac under skin
fissure crackle lesion on skin
laceration torn or jagged wound
nodule firm solid mass larger than 0.5 cm
papule small, solid raised spot smaller than 0.5 cm
eczema superficial dermatitis, redness, vesicles itching or crusting
gangrene tissue necrosis due to loss of blood flow
ichthyosis skin becomes dry, scaly, keratinized
Created by: dwaynejgrant