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Tissues

BIO 208: A&P - Tissue Types

TermDefinition
Simple Squamous Epithelium Single layer of flattened cells, 1 nucleus. Looks like fried egg.
Where is Simple Squamous Epithelium found? Alveoli of lungs
What is the function of Simple Squamous Epithelium cells? Diffusion, filtration
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium Thick cube shaped cells, 1 central nucleus
Where is Simple Cuboidal Epithelium found? Kidney tubules, glands
What is the function of Simple Cuboidal Epithelium cells? Active transport, diffusion, secretion
Simple Columnar Epithelium Tall thin, 1 nucleus at the bottom of the cell
Where is Simple Columnar Epithelium found? Stomach, intestines
What is the function of Simple Columnar Epithelium cells? Secretion, absorption
Stratified Squamous Epithelium Thick layer at the apical surface but below is cuboidal
Where is Stratified Squamous Epithelium found? Mouth, esophagus, skin
What is the function of Stratified Squamous Epithelium cells? Protection, barriers
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium Looks like more than 1 layer, but only 1 layer
Where is Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium found? Glands, ducts, respiratory passages
What is the function of Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium cells? Secretion of mucus
Areolar Connective Tissue Many fibers. Looks like bean sprouts.
Where is Areolar Connective Tissue found? Hypodermis, below basement membranes
What is the function of Areolar Connective Tissue cells? Support and nourishment
Adipose Connective Tissue Few fibers. Bubbles.
Where is Adipose Connective Tissue found? Under skin, yellow marrow
What is the function of Adipose Connective Tissue cells? Energy storage, protection, insulation
Dense Regular Connective Tissue Densely packed collagen in the same direction
Where is Dense Regular Connective Tissue found? Tendons and Ligaments
What is the function of Dense Regular Connective Tissue cells? Stretch and strength
Hyaline Cartilage Connective Tissue Few or no visible fibers. Smooth/glassy.
Where is Hyaline Cartilage Connective Tissue found? Ends of long bones, trachea, ribs, nose
What is the function of Hyaline Cartilage Connective Tissue cells? Rigidity with flexibility
Fibrocartilage Connective Tissue Collagen fibers in thick bundles
Where is Fibrocartilage Connective Tissue found? Between vertebrae, knees, pelvis
What is the function of Fibrocartilage Connective Tissue cells? To be able to withstand compressive, pulling, and tearing forces
Elastic Cartilage Connective Tissue Fewer elastin fibers than cells
Where is Elastic Cartilage Connective Tissue found? Ear, epiglottis
What is the function of Elastic Cartilage Connective Tissue cells? Lots of flexion with some rigidity
Bone Connective Tissue Mineralized matrix in rings
Where is Bone Connective Tissue found? Everywhere
What is the function of Bone Connective Tissue cells? Strength, support, movement
Blood Fluid Connective Tissue Fluid matrix (plasma)
Where is Blood Fluid Connective Tissue found? Everywhere
What is the function of Blood Fluid Connective Tissue cells? Transport of gasses, nutrients, waste, and protection
Skeletal Muscle Tissue Striated, multi-nucleated
Where is Skeletal Muscle Tissue found? Attached to bones of skeleton
What is the function of Skeletal Muscle Tissue cells? Provides voluntary movement
Cardiac Muscle Tissue Striated, 1 central nucleus, intercalated disks
Where is Cardiac Muscle Tissue found? Heart walls
What is the function of Cardiac Muscle Tissue cells? Involuntary contraction to move blood through the body
Smooth Muscle Tissue Non-striated, 1 central nucleus, small and spindle shaped with tapered ends
Where is Smooth Muscle Tissue found? Hollow internal structures
What is the function of Smooth Muscle Tissue cells? Helps move substances along, food through digestive tracks
Neural Tissue Cell body contains nucleus
Where is Neural Tissue found? Brain, nervous system, spinal cord
What is the function of Neural Tissue cells? Convert stimuli into a nerve impulse or action potential
Created by: nke1992