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AP Gov Judicial

Supreme court and judicial system

QuestionAnswer
Appellate jurisdiction authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
Civil law concerns noncriminal disputes between private parties
Class action lawsuit lawsuit brought on behalf of a class of people against a defendant, e.g., lawsuits brought by those who have suffered from smoking against tobacco companies
Concurring opinion written by a Supreme Court Justice who voted with the majority, but for different reasons
Dissenting opinion written by a Supreme Court Justice (or Justices) who express a minority viewpoint in a case
Injunction court order that forbids a party from performing a certain action
Judicial activism philosophy that the courts should take an active role in solving problems
Judicial restraint philosophy that the courts should defer to elected lawmakers in setting policy, and should instead focus on interpreting law rather than making law
Judicial review power of the courts to review the constitutionality of laws or government actions
Majority opinion written to express the majority viewpoint in a Supreme Court case
Original jurisdiction authority of a court to first hear a case
Remand the Supreme Court’s sending of a case back to the original court in which it was heard
Rule of four the Supreme Court will hear a case if four Justices agree to do so
Stare decisis Latin for “let the decision stand.” Supreme Court policy of following precedent in deciding cases
Writ of certiorari issued by the Supreme Court to a lower court to send up the records of a case so that it can be reviewed by the high court
Writ of habeas corpus court order that the authorities show cause for why they are holding a prisoner in custody; deters unlawful imprisonment
Writ of mandamus court order directing a party to perform a certain action
Created by: ksheehy96