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Medical Term. Words

Chapter 4

Arthr/o joint
Chondr/o cartilage
Cost/o rib
Myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
Oste/o bone
-blast immature
Cartilage flexible connective tissue
Osteoblasts immature bone cells
Osteocytes mature bone cells
Skull has two types of bones (cranial & facial bones)
Axial skeleton skull, vertebral column, rib cage, & sternum
Appendicular skeleton arms, legs, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle
Arthrocentesis puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint
Arthritis joint inflammation
Arthrotomy cutting in to the joint
Arthroscopy visual examination of inside a joint
Intracranial within the cranium
Craniotomy cutting into the cranium
Myeloma bone marrow tumor
Costochondritis inflammation of rib cartilage
Osteopathy bone disease
Osteoporosis porous bones which break easily
Intervertebral between the vertebrae
long longer than wide
Diaphysis Narrow part of the bone; the long part of the bone
Compact bone solid
Spongy bone has holes; looks spongy
Medullary hollow part down the bone middle of the bone; has red or yellow bone marrow
Short bones about as wide as they are long
Flat bones plate shaped (ex: sternum, scapula)
Irregular ex: vertebrae
Condyle rounded, articulated surface (part of a joint)
Foramen hole through a bone
Fossa shallow depression
Ball and joint socket shoulder and hip are the two found in humans (is a synovial joint)
Synovial joint most common type of joint and has synovial fluid
Synovial membrane makes synovial fluid
Synovial fluid fluid inside synovial joint
Orthopedics bone & muscle doctor
Podiatrist foot doctor
Carpal tunnel syndrome compression of a nerve as it goes through wrist
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
corticosteriods steroids
Anti-inflammatory agents corticosteriods & nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)
Fibr/o fiber
My/o muscles
Myocardi/o heart muscle
-trophy development
Skeletal muscles attaches to the bone; voluntary
Tendon attaches skeletal muscle to bone
Smooth muscle found in internal organs; involuntary
Cardiac muscle muscle of the heart; also called myocardium
Origin where muscle attaches to the immovable bone
Insertion where muscle attaches to movable bone
Muscle action what a muscle does
Abduction movement away from midline of body
Adduction movement toward the midline of body
flexion bending
Extension straightening out
Dorsiflexion of foot action that moves foot off accelerator
Plantar flexion of foot action that pushes foot down on accelerator
Eversion of foot turning foot outward with toes still forward
Inversion of foot turning foot inward with toes still forward
Supination of hand turning palms up (radius and ulna parallel)
Pronation of hand turning palms down (radius and ulna crossed)
Elevation to raise a body part up
Depression to lower a body part
Opposition touching palmar surface of thumb to palmar surface of other fingers
Myopathy disease of muscle
Polymyositis inflammation of many muscles
Tendinitis inflammation of a muscle
Atrophy loss growth
Dystrophy poor growth
Hypertrophy excessive growth or development
Pseudohypertrophy looks like excessive growth but isn't (false growth)
Created by: avilak