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Tests review

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of the Growth Hormone? What's its abbreviation? And where does it release from? HGH -Anterior Petuitary
What is the function of the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone To stimulate the Thyroid to produce Calcitonin T3 and T4
What is the function of the Andrenocorticotropic Hormone? And where is it released from? Stimulates the adrenal gland to produce Cortisol, and is released from A. P. and causes breakdown body tissues to be used as an energy source which in turn raises the blood sugar
What is the function of Prolactin? And where is it released? To help produce milk. Released by P.P. (P.P. also releases Oxytocin)
What is the function of the Follicle Stimulating Hormone in M/F? Where is it released? In males it supports growth of Sperm and in Females helps to produce estrogen. Released from Anterior Pituitary.
What is the function of Luteinizing hormone in M/F? And where is it released from? LH stimulates the glands to produce sex hormones. In Females Ovulation. And it is released from the Anterior Pituitary.
What is the function of Oxytocin? And where is it released? It induces Labor, helps in sexual reproduction, helps in lactation. And is released in P. Petuitary
What is the function of the Antidiuretic Hormone and where does it act? And where is it released? Holds onto our body water, (acts on kidney) in response to decreased blood volume. And it differs from Aldosterone since it also effects the lvls of Sodium. (And without Aldosterone sodium lvls would rise dramatically).
How does the Parathyroid glands maintain blood calcium? PTH increased blood calcium by causing to remove some Calcium from the bones. verses Calcitonin lowers blood Calcium.
Calcitonin works to decrease blood calcium in which three ways? 1. It works to slow absorption of calcium by the intestine. 2. It also inhibits the osteoclast 3. It causes osteoblast to form new bone.
What does Paracrine mean? Cell talk via Chemicals
What does autocrine mean? Cell talk via hormones
Are the hormones of the Pituitary Gland timed for their release? Absolutely
Is the Insulin under the control of the Pituitary Gland? And what does it do? No, it responds only to blood sugar. Insulin decreases blood sugar lvls vs Glucagon which raises them.
What is Glucagon? Triggers muscle and liver cells to break down the Polysaccharide glycogen to release glucose into the bloodstream.
What does Glucagon and Insulin respond to, if not to the brain? Blood sugar lvls.
What is Erythropoietin? And where is it released? Hormone Secreted by kidneys which raises the blood cell count
What is Aldosterone? Where is it made? Raises blood pressure by reabsorbing Sodium and getting Potassium (which causes greater water retention) & kidney makes it
What does Angiotensin II do? Stimulates secretion of Aldosterone.
What does Erythropoietin respond to? It is a hormone that controls erythropoiesis, or red blood cell production. It is produced by interstitial fibroblasts in the kidney, and also by the liver
Where does the ovum become fertilized after release from the ovary? In the last third of the uterine tube
What is an Ectopic Pregnancy It gets stuck in Fallopian tube.
Name the parts of the Uterus? Infudibullum, Fimuvria
Where does spermatogenesis begin? Testes
What is the purpose of Mitosis Division of Body cells
What is the purpose of Meiosis? Division of Sex cells
What happens to a fetus that has more/or less than 46 chromosomes in the nucleus of every living cell? Death, or deformity, retardation
The heart has an electrical system Group
What is ventricular Fibrillation? Chiotic rythim of heart
Created by: Eli-45