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Quiz 1

Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
Moves the skeleton and produces heat Muscular System
Transports oxygen and nutrients to tissues Circulatory System
Supports the body and protects internal organs Skeleton System
Removes wastes products from the blood Urinary System
Exchanges of O2/C02 between blood and air Respiratory System
Regulates body function impulses Nervous System
Regulates body function of hormones Endocrine System
Destroys pathogens that enter the body Lymphatic System
Changes food to simpler chemicals to be absorbed Digestion System
Is a barrier to pathogens and chemicals Integumentary System
Back of the head Occipital
Renal Kidney
Cervical Neck
Deltoid Shoulder
Lumbar Small of back
Patellar Knee
Sternal Breastbone
Pectoral Chest
Cardiac Heart
Axillary Armpit
The deltoid area is _____to the cervical area Lateral
The pectoral area is on the _____side of the body Ventral
The patella is____to the ankle Proximal
The lumbar area is on the____ side of the body Posterior
The skin is _______ to the muscle Superficial
The frontal is ____to the nose bone Superior
The umbilicus is ______to the sternum Inferior
The eyes are_____to the ears Lateral
What word means pertaining to wall cavity Parietal
A plane from side to side separates anterior and posterior Frontal Coronal Plane
A plane from anterior and posterior separates body into left and right sections Sagittal Plane
A plane that created equal right and left halves Mid Sagittal Plane
A horizontal plane that separates the Inferior from the superior Transverse Plane
A plane perpendicular to the long axis of an organ Cross- Section
A plane along the axis of an organ Longitudinal Section
A transverse plane and a midsagittal plane that crosses the umbilicus and divide the abdomen into four Quadrants
Dorsal Cavity contains Cranial Cavity Vertabral Cavity
Ventral Cavity Contains Thoracic Cavity Abdominal Cavity Pelvic Cavity
Cranial cavity contains Brain, menninges
Verebral Cavity contains Spinal cord, menniges
Thoracic cavity contains Heart and lungs
Abdominal cavity contains Stomach,liver,intestines
Pelvic Cavity contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs
DEFINE ANATOMY STUDY OF STRUCTURE
Define Physiology Study of Function
Define Pathophysiology Study of disorders of function
Cover or line Body Surface Epithelial tissue
Connects, supports, and transports Connective tissue
Contracts or moves body parts Muscle tissue
Transmits Regulatory electrochemical impulses Nerve Tissue
Four type of Tissue Epithelial,Connective,Muscle, Nerve
Levels of organization of the body Chemicals,Cells,Tissue,Organ Organ systems
The simplest level Chemicals
Simplest level divides into two major categories Organic, Inorganic
One are usually simple molecules made of one or two elements other than carbon Inorganic
One is often complex always contain elements carbon and hydrogen-fats,carbohydrates,proteins,nucleic acid Organic
Is a group of cells with similar structure and function Tissue
The smallest living structure and functions are cella
Is a group of Organs that all contribute to a particular function Organ system
Is a group of tissue precisely arranged so as to accomplish specific function Organs
What is the 1st cervical vertebra 2nd cervical vertebra Atlas,Axis
How many Ribs Pairs True False Floating 12 7 True 3 False 2 Floating
How many Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Coccygeal 7 Cervical 12 Thoracic 5 Lumbar 5 fussed Sacral 4-5 fussed Coccygeal
Why are Bones Spongy Lessen weight on skeleton
Where do we find Spongy Bones Epiphyses ends of long bones,Short,Flat, Irregular Bones
Where do we find Compact Bone Diaphysis shaft of long bone
What happens at the epiphyseal disk or plate Growth occurs and usually stops between 16-25
Factors that contribute to bone growth and development Nutrition,Exercise,Hormones, Hereditary
Define Homeostasis The state of which the internal environment of the body remains relatively stable by responding appropriately to changes; a state of good health
Define Metabolism All of the chemical rations and physiological processes that take place with in the body.
Two types of Metabolism Catabolism Break down phase metabolism Anabolism Building phase metabolism
Negative Feedback Mechanism A control system in which a stimulus initiates a response that reverses or decreases the stimulus,thereby stopping the response until the stimulus occurs again It contains its own Brake
Positive Feedback Mechanism A control system that requires an external event to stop or control the stimulus. It needs a brake imposed from the outside. Has the potential to become a self-perpetuating and harmful cycle.
Negative Feedback Mechanism Exampes Temperature,Sweating, Hormone levels, Glucose levels, Shivering
Positive Feedback Mechanism Examples Child Birth, Blood Clotting
Created by: Alechia1