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NAVEDTRA 14295B Ch23

HM Chapter 23: Medical Aspects of CBR Warfare

QuestionAnswer
When was the first large scale use of chemical agents? WW I
M9 Chemical Agent Detection Paper turns what color if a nerve agent is present? Red
M8 Chemical Detection Paper turns what color when it comes into contact with VX? Green
A MARK 1 Kit consists of? Atropine & 2-PAM CL
M8 Chemical Detection Paper turns what color when it comes into contact with G class nerve agents? Yellow
For severe nerve agent symptoms give how many MARK 1 kits in a row? 3
What antidote is used for lewisite? BAL
Decontamination of blister agents within two minutes will reduce the toxic effects by? 50%
How long do you wait after giving the first MARK 1 kit before giving another in a patient with moderate symptoms? 10-15 minutes
Which of the following is a blood agent? AC
What is the initial treatment for cyanides? Sodium Nitrate, IV
Which agent smells like new mown hay? CG
CS is a highly toxic substance false
Lacrimators are also known as? Tear Gas
Decontamination for harassment agents generally consists of? Washing with baby shampoo
The first priority for first aid for a chemical agent patient is? Control massive hemorrhage
Initial management of a chemical agent casualty is? Removal of MOPP gear & Decontamination with 0.5% hypochlorite solution
What are the three types of Biological Agents? Bacteria, Viruses, and Toxins
Biological outbreaks that occur in multiple geographical locations are classified as? Natural Occurrence& Intentional Release
Which of the following is NOT an indicator of biological agent release? Low morbidity and mortality compared with a normal occurrence of the disease
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers are susceptible to? Phenolic Disinfectants& 1% Bleach Solution
What type of radiation is sometimes called penetrating radiation? Gamma
A lethal full body dose of radiation is? 4 to 5 Sv
What is the most effective shielding? Lead
The time of onset of which symptoms will give you an estimate of radiation dose/exposure? Nausea and Vomiting
Once a patient is removed from a radiation source, Chronic Radiation Syndrome symptoms will resolve. True
A patient can be certified decontaminated from a radiological incident with? AN/VDR 2
What is the Name, Type, Signs and Symptoms, and treatment of a Nerve Agent? Anticholinesterase GA, GB, GD, VX Drymouth, Tachycardia Atropine 6 mg for non-medical 2mg for medical until atropinization 2-PAM Chloride
What is the Name, Type, Signs and Symptoms, and treatment of a Blood Agents? Systemic Poisin AC, CK Almonds Amyl Nitrate(8 ampules) I.V. 100-200MG
What is the Name, Type, Signs and Symptoms, and treatment of a Choking Agents? Lung Irritant CG, CL, DP, PS New Mown Hay, Dryland Drowning Dead
What is the Name, Type, Signs and Symptoms, and treatment of a Blister Agents? Veicant HN,HD,L,CX Garlic:Mustard Fish:Nitrogen Mustard Geraniums: Lewisite Sodium Bicarbonate dressings
What is the Name, Type, Signs and Symptoms, and treatment of a Vomiting Agents? Sternulator DM,DA,DC Burning fireworks Fresh air and rest
What is the Name, Type, Signs and Symptoms, and treatment of a Tear Agents? Lacrimator CS,CN,CA Pepper like Fresh air and rest
What is the Name, Type, Signs and Symptoms, and treatment of a Psychological Agents? Incapacitating BZ Fresh air and rest
What is Anthrax and treatment? Caused by bacterium called Bacillus Anthrax Antibiotics: 1st doxycycline 2nd penicillin 3rd rifampin
What is the Plague and treatment? Infectious disease cause by bacterium yersinia pestis Antibiotics: Streptomycin, Gentamicin
What are the three types of plague? Bubonic: skin Pneumonic: lungs Septicemic: bacteria in the blood
What is Tularemia and the treatment? A.K.A. Rabbit fever caused by fancisella Tularenis Anti-Biotics: Streptomycin, Gentamicin
What are the two types of Tularemia? Ulcerglandular: tick or deer fly bite off infected animal Pneumonic and typhoidal: aerosal form
What is Botulinum Toxin and the treatment? Produced by clostridum botulinum, muscle paralyzing disease. Trivalent anti-toxin
What are the four kinds of botulism? Food bourne Infant: in intestinal tract Wound Inhalation
What is Ricin and the treatment? derived from beans of the castor plant, loss of protein synthesis or tissue damage No treatment
What is smallpox and the treatment? infectious disease cause by variola virus major and minor No proven treatment
What is VHF, or viral hemmorhagic fever , and the treatment? Fever and bleeding damages to vascular system Ribavirin, anti-viral drug
What are the four type of VHF? Arena: Rodent urine Filo: Marburg and Ebola Virus Bunya: Mosquitos, tick, or Sandfly Flavi: dengue and yellow fever
What is the difference between Acute Radiation Syndrome and Chronic Radiation Syndrome? Acute: short term exposure Chronic:long term exposure
Created by: RabbittDK10