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NAVEDTRA 14295B Ch22

HM Chapter 22: Poisoning and Drug Abuse

QuestionAnswer
Poisoning is defined as contact with or exposure to a toxic substance. True
Which of the following is the method of choice for the HM to use to induce vomiting? 15-30 cc of syrup of Ipecac
Toxicology is defined as the science of poisons. True
A patient presents with dilated pupils, fever, dry skin, urinary retention, decreased bowel sounds, and increased heart rate. What toxidrome does this set of symptoms suggest? Anticholinergic
When a patient ingests an acid or base treatment is to give a neutralizing agent orally. False
A patient presents with salivation, lacrimation, urination, and muscle weakness. What toxic syndrome does this set of symptoms suggest? Cholinergic
If the HM is unable to reach the poison control center or a physician for specific instructions, how should the HM treat a victim who has ingested turpentine? Give 1 to 2 ounces of vegetable oil orally
What is the most common route of exposure to toxic chemicals in the home? Ingested
Of the following, which is considered the most common agent in inhalation poisoning? Carbon monoxide
What is the key identifying feature of the North American coral snake that distinguishes it from other snakes with similar markings? The yellow band is always next to the red band
A patient presents exhibiting signs of anaphylactic reaction to a bee or wasp sting. Of the following, which is NOT considered appropriate treatment Warm packs over the sting site
On patrol, a member of the unit receives a rattlesnake bite just below the elbow. What first aid treatment should be performed? Place a constricting band 2 inches proximal to the bite site
The victim of a scorpion sting may safely be given any of the following pharmaceuticals EXCEPT? Demerol or morphine
Valuable information on the antivenom is found in the package inserts. True
Symptoms of a black widow spider bite may include severe pain, dyspnea, and ______ . Abdominal rigidity
The Puffer, Surgeon, Trigger, and Parrot fish are known to be_________. Poisonous at all times
Crotalids are identified by ______ . Slit-like pupils of the eyes and flat, triangular heads
A person suffering from a Venomous Fish sting should? Soak the wound in hot water for 30 to 90 minutes
Which of the following is not a symptom of alcohol abuse? Increased level of consciousness
Identify the fish with which there is antivenom available. Stonefish & Scorpionfish & Zebrafish
Withdrawal from barbiturates is less life threatening than narcotic withdrawal. false
Antivenin is available to neutralize the effects of the following types of Coelenterates? Sea wasp, box jellyfish
Central nervous system stimulants are used for all of the following EXCEPT? Decrease mental alertness
How many hours after the last dose does narcotic withdraw normally peak? 72 hrs
Signs and symptoms of stimulant intoxication include all of the following EXCEPT? Increased appetite
The most widely abused drug(s) is/are? Ethanol
A person may display which of the following sign(s) after using a hallucinogenic drug? Flushed face
Persons who regularly abuse inhalants risk which of the following injuries? Severe brain damage & Damaged internal organs &Death
In caring for drug-intoxicated persons, the HM should perform what actions as the first priority? Check for an adequate airway
Created by: RabbittDK10