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NAVEDTRA 14295B Ch.8

HM Chapter 8: Oral Pathology

QuestionAnswer
Salivary glands secrete about how much saliva on a daily basis? about 1,500 ml
It is a localized collection of pus in a specific area of soft tissue or bone. Often it is confined in a particular space, and is commonly caused by a bacterial infection. Abscess
It is an enclosed pouch or sac containing fluid or semi-solid material. Cyst
They are a disruption of the superficial covering of the mucosa or skin caused by biting, denture irritation, toothbrush injury, viruses or other irritants. Ulcers
A small elevation that contains fluid. Most of these lesions in the oral cavity rupture, leaving superficial ulcers Vesicles
A localized collection of blood that escaped from blood vessels due to trauma. Hematoma
Round pinpoint, non-raised, purplish-red spots, caused by mucosal or dermal hemorrhage Petechiae
Large, purplish-red areas caused by blood under the skin or mucosa; turns to a blue or yellow color Ecchymoses
What usually appear first as a chalky white spot on the enamel, indicating the decalcification process? dental caries
What are decay processes that occur underneath existing dental restorations? recurrent caries
What is pain in the dental pulp and commonly occurs after a restoration has been placed in a tooth? Pulpalgia
What is inflammation of the dental pulp, caused by a bacterial infection resulting from dental caries or fractured teeth? pulpitis
What results when the pulp has become inflamed and a small pus-like abscess forms in the pulpal canal? periapical abscess
What is the death of tissue called? Necrosis
What is inflammation of the gingival tissue called? gingivitis
What is the most common type of gingival disease? marginal gingivitis
What is the disease commonly referred to as trench mouth? Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
What is a chronic inflammatory condition that involves the gingiva, crest of the alveolar bone, and periodontal membrane? Periodontitis
What is inflammation of the gingiva around a partially erupted tooth? pericoronitis
What are commonly called canker sores and are painful ulcerations? Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS)
What is HSV1? Oral herpes
What is HSV2? genital herpes
What is the most common of all HSV1 lesions? herpes labialis
What is a fungal infection of the mouth, usually red or white in color? candidiasis
What are cancerous, dark bluish-purple lesions that involve blood vessels? Kaposi's sarcoma
What is a viral infection on the tongue with lesions that appear as white and slightly raised? Hairy Leukoplakia
What is cancer of the epithelium usually found on the oral mucosa of the mouth, lips, tongue, cheeks, and floor of the mouth? carcinoma
What is the growth or spread of malignant tumors from one are to another? metastasis
What type of tumor is usually found in the oral region or salivary glands, most often of the palate, and appears as a lump or a bulge under the mucosa? adenocarcinoma
What type of tumor affects the supportive and connective tissues like the bones of the jaw? sarcomas
What is the absence of single or multiple teeth called? anodontia
what is the development of one or more extra teeth called? supernumerary teeth
What is it called when the maxillary and medial nasal processes fail to fuse together? cleft lip
What results when the palate shelves do not fuse together leaving a space? cleft palate
What results from a short lingual frenulum attachment and is also known as tongue tied? ankyloglossia
What is the condition in which a tooth is blocked by a physical barrier, usually teeth or bone? impaction
What is the loss of substance of a tooth from a wearing away process caused by teeth against teeth? attrition
What results in the loss of tooth structure secondary to the action of external agents? abrasion
What is the loss of tooth substance from a chemical process that does not involve bacteria? erosion
Created by: RabbittDK10