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Health Assess. Ch. 5

Techniques and Equipment

What do most physical exams begin with? Inspection
Refers to a visual examination of the body, including body movement and posture. Inspection
Is data obtained by smell also a part of inspection? Yes
What preconceived notions that a nurse has for a patient could possibly affect the assessment? Tattoos, homelessness, piercings, etc.
What other equipment besides eyes and smell may a nurse use? Penlight
Does equipment enhance or hinder inspection? Enhance
The use of the nurse's hand to feel texture, size, shape, consistency, and location of certain parts. Palpation
What else is palpation used for? To identify areas which are tender or painful on a patient.
What are the measurements for a light palpation? A deep palpation? 1 cm, 4 cm.
Involves striking a finger or hand directly against a patient's body. Percussion
What are the various percussion tones? Resonant, flat, dull, tympanic, and hyperresonant
The act of listening to sounds within the body. Auscultation
What are the methods of auscultation? Using ears (audible sounds) or a stethescope.
What can improve hearing? Hinder hearing? Closing your eyes; environmental conditions-keep quiet.
Name the equipment used during an exam. Thermometer, stethescope, sphygmomanometer, dynamap, pulse oximetry, scales, snellen's chart, opthalmoscope, otoscope, penlight, ruler & tape measure, tuning fork, percussion or reflex hammer, doppler, monofilament
What are infeciton control measures referred to as? Standard Precautions
What are the principles of infection control? Handwashing and personal protective equipment (PPE)
Created by: shanhaup
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